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Sober generation taps out for peace of mind

Aug 5, 2018  by 21bethere

YOUNG Victorians are turning away from alcohol with only one in five indulging in a boozy beverage more than once a week.
A YouGov Galaxy youth poll revealed young men aged 18-24 were more likely to consume alcohol more than once a week compared to young Victorian women.
Other findings included: ONE in three young Victorians are infrequent or non-drinkers with 16 per cent consuming alcohol less than once a month and 16 per cent not drinking altogether…
Turning Point clinical director Dr Matthew Frei said young people were choosing to put their health over risky drinking behaviour.
“They’re putting their health first and understanding the risks,” he said. “The information is more accessible, which gives young people the ability to educate themselves on neurological harm.”
Lachie McKay, 20, believes a lot of his generation have given up the booze to look after their mental and physical health.
“I stopped drinking a month ago and I think a lot of people, as well as myself, are making more of an effort to look after their mental health,” he said.
“While (drinking) may help you loosen up in some aspects, it can actually do a bit of mental and emotional damage, especially if you’ve done something regrettable or embarrassing.” @cassiezervos
For complete article go to OPINION, PAGE 22  Copyright © 2018 The Herald Sun visit  




A Major Industry-Funded Alcohol Study Was Compromised. How Many Others Are Out There?

Jul 29, 2018  by 21bethere

Last year, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the federal National Institutes of Health, laid out plans for what is a rarity in the realm of public health: a high quality clinical trial. The “Moderate Alcohol and Cardiovascular Health Trial,” known as MACH15, was to be randomized so that some subjects would be selected to drink and some would not. It would follow participants “prospectively,” over time, not retrospectively. And in the end, the results were to be adjudicated by evaluators blinded to which subjects had been instructed to drink and which to abstain. The goal was an assessment of the effect of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular health.
The methodologic problems of the MACH15 trial’s design are considerable. How the outcome measures ever passed muster defies logic.
But last month, the National Institutes of Health took the unusual step of shutting down one of its own clinical trials — a $100 million dollar experiment gone wrong. The announcement followed an internal investigation, prompted by a dogged New York Times report, that uncovered inappropriate interactions between the alcohol industry (Anheuser-Busch InBev, Heineken, and others) and the NIAAA in the execution of MACH15.
Here’s how it was supposed to have worked: Volunteers aged 50 or older with either substantial cardiac risk factors or existing heart disease were to have been randomly assigned to either abstain from alcohol completely or to consume precisely one alcoholic beverage per day. They were then to be monitored for cardiovascular health. Investigators were interested in whether the patients assigned one drink per day were more, less, or equally likely to experience a heart attack, stroke, or even die in just six years? This was primary goal of the MACH15 trial.
In essence, the NIH was making a $100 million gamble that volunteers would portray their alcohol consumption accurately.
That’s not where the problems ended. In their report, the NIH investigators said they had found that the trial was apparently set up to lean towards “demonstrating a beneficial health effect of moderate alcohol consumption,” and that it was exceedingly unlikely to find that alcohol was harmful, because the trial design ignored some of alcohol’s most notable long-term risks, including cancer and congestive heart failure — the latter of which is linked to alcohol consumption. The eventual study would have under-reported cancer risks simply because, at six years, the trial was too short for those dangers to have caught up to patients who drink. But neglecting to include heart failure as an outcome of interest in a trial assessing cardiovascular health of alcohol is a far more flagrant oversight — akin, perhaps, to a study assessing the health risks of sugar intake in which researchers failed to ask whether patients developed diabetes. How the outcome measures of MACH15 ever passed muster defies logic, but in a statement attributed to Dr. Kenneth Mukamal, the study’s principal investigator, and supplied by his hospital’s public affairs office, he said the protocol was approved by “three external scientific panels and by ten institutional review board.”
“Most trials undertaken today are destined to produce a certain conclusion through designs that are manipulated just enough to almost guarantee a result without losing their integrity.”
Perhaps what sets MACH15 apart is not what it did, but who did it. The alcohol industry, while powerful, is far less experienced in the realm of biomedical research than large pharmaceutical companies who perhaps, by now, know just how to expertly game the research system without breaking the rules outright. Alternatively, it might be that alcohol itself is expected to play by a different set of rules than other would-be medicinal compounds. “Alcohol was never meant to necessarily benefit people, unlike medications,” wrote Florence Bourgeois, an assistant professor of pediatrics and emergency medicine at Harvard Medical School and a faculty member at Boston Children’s Hospital, in an email. “With drugs, pharma can justify their trials and marketing as an attempt to help people in need of medical breakthroughs. But alcohol is generally perceived as harmful to our society, so attempting to promote it on the false grounds of having health benefits doesn’t go over well in the lay media.”  For complete article 30/7/18  




Harm Reduction? Hardly: Parents Who Supply Alcohol to Their Adolescent Children Increase the Likelihood of Substance Use Disorder and Other Harms

Jun 4, 2018  by 21bethere

Author: Mark Gold, MD May 2018

Supplying alcohol to their adolescent children is not associated with any reduction of harm. Quite the opposite—parents who allow and support adolescent drinking actually increased their risk of incurring alcohol-related harm. Further, the myth that parental supply of alcohol, or supervision of alcohol consumption will teach adolescents how to drink responsibly is just that—a myth.

Recently, Mattick, et al, conducted a prospective study using data culled from the Australian Parental Supply of Alcohol Longitudinal Study of adolescents to examine correlations between parental supply of alcohol and subsequent drinking outcomes over the 6-year period of adolescence. Children in grade seven and their parents were recruited and surveyed annually. In total, 1927 eligible parents and adolescents were recruited by June of 2011 and were followed until 2016.

The researchers found that the odds of subsequent binge consumption, alcohol-related harm and symptoms of alcohol-use disorder were increased for adolescents who were supplied alcohol only by parents (odds ratios, 2.58, 2.53, and 2.51, respectively) when compared with parents who did not supply alcohol to their children.

In this prospective study, associations between both parental supply of alcohol and supply from other sources, and after adjusting for known covariates, revealed pattern of harm associated with parental supply. By the sixth follow-up (mean age 17·8 years), parental supply of alcohol was found to be associated with binge drinking, alcohol-related harm, and symptoms of alcohol use disorder. The findings also revealed that parental supply not only increases adverse outcomes itself, it also risks increasing obtaining alcohol from other non-parental sources.

Plainly stated, there is no evidence to support the view that parents who supply alcohol to their teens protect them from adverse drinking outcomes. The authors write. “Parents should be advised that this practice is associated with risk, both directly and indirectly through increased access to alcohol from other sources.”

For complete article    ...Read More



Alcohol – the ‘poor woman’s’ anti-depressant? Self-medicating Melbourne Mums in trouble!

May 27, 2018  by 21bethere

Modern mums were supposed to have it all, but the reality is far from the dream. Today the Sunday Herald Sun launches a three-part series highlighting what life is really like for too many hard-working mothers. This week we look at the increasing role of alcohol in their lives

STRESSED middle-aged women now rank as one of the most at-risk groups of drinkers amid warnings of a looming health crisis.
Alcohol-related hospital admissions for women increased 55 per cent state-wide in the decade to the end of 2015, from 8095 to 12,534.

A Sunday Herald Sun investigation has highlighted the private pressures women face as they juggle motherhood with working, ageing parents and domestic duties.

It has sparked calls for more support and better understanding of a “sandwich generation” of women as it’s revealed: WOMEN’S admissions to The Alfred hospital for alcohol treatment are approaching men’s for the first time; IN hotspot Bayside, the rate of women admitted to hospital for alcohol-related harms in 2014-15 exceeded that for men; ALCOHOL-RELATED hospitalisations for women rose sharply in Cardinia (up 395 per cent), Melton (up 233 per cent), South Gippsland (up 185 per cent), Frankston (up 149 per cent), Wyndham (up 148 per cent), Casey (up 139 per cent), Yarra Ranges (up 125 per cent), Bayside (125 per cent) and Geelong (up 109 per cent) in the decade to 2014-15 ; ONE sobriety support group reported around 70 per cent of those seeking help were women; and ABOUT 20 per cent of Victorian women report high levels of psychological distress.

Mounting stress and life’s pressures are being blamed for more women turning to alcohol.

AMA president Dr Michael Gannon said midlife women were now drinking “more than Gen Ys, Millennials and more than their parents (did)”. “The blokey machismo of 15 beers on a Friday night has been overcome and replaced by a normalisation of overconsumption of white wine by females,” he said.

Melbourne GP Grant Blashki said his clinic saw women battling to fulfil multiple roles. “A lot of women who come to the clinic and seem overwhelmed with juggling multiple roles in career and home, and often multi-generational responsibilities to kids, parents and their partner,’’ Dr Blashki said.

“People say, ‘I really can’t sleep, so I have a few drinks. I really can’t relax, but I find if I have a few drinks it turns my mind off.”

VicHealth’s Maya Rivis said a link had been found between alcohol consumption and women’s psychological distress.

“About 20 per cent of Victorian women report having high levels of psychological distress, many who suffer from depression or anxiety may drink to address those symptoms,” she said. “Women still do the bulk of the domestic work, the stress that comes with trying to juggle full-time work with domestic chores, and children — who are very active today so mums are juggling that with work and chores — means there’s very little time to recover. The more you drink and the more often you’re exceeding half a bottle, you’re putting yourself at risk.”

The Alfred hospital drug and alcohol physician Dr Benny Monheit saw more middle-aged women needing support for alcohol use.  For complete article  May 27 issue of The Herald Sun Digital Edition.   WENDY TUOHY  




Time, please: is drinking becoming as socially unacceptable as smoking?

Apr 27, 2018  by 21bethere

Drinking is ingrained in our social life – much as cigarettes were until public health campaigns led to a huge cultural shift. With many young people eschewing alcohol, the beginning of the end of booze Britain is in sight Hannah Jane Parkinson Mon 23 Apr 2018 17.00
 More than a quarter of 16- to 24-year-olds are teetotal, according to a 2017 study.
cool glass of sauvignon canalside in the summer. A soothing beer by a pub fire as the leaves turn red. Mulled wine with a Christmas mince pie. Alcohol is shot through British life like, well, shots on a night out. But recent trends suggest that might be changing. Could the British love of booze be drying up as surely as our passion for cigarettes?
Consider this: in 1974, half of British adults smoked; by 2017, that figure had fallen to just 16%, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS). The decline was a result both of public health campaigns and legislation encouraging people to cut back or stop smoking. In 2003, for instance, the branding of cigarettes as “light” was banned in the UK. That same year, EU legislation brought in health warnings on products, and in March 2006 Scotland became the first country in the UK to introduce a smoke-free law. This was followed in 2007 by legislation banning smoking in workplaces and enclosed public spaces in England (Wales and Northern Ireland also legislated against smoking that year).
The result was immediate: fag breaks at work were suddenly more frowned upon; the huddle of people outside the pub failing to light a cigarette in the driving rain came to seem pitiful. All the incremental changes – the health warnings, legislation, the images of diseased lungs on fag packets, the association with impotence – led to a genuine cultural shift. If you wanted to keep smoking, you had to be really committed (addicted, maybe?). Social and fairweather smokers dropped away.
Could the same trend be under way with our attitude to alcohol? Some experts believe so. It will be a huge shift, because drinking in the UK has a spirited history, stretching back thousands of years – jugs for fermenting alcohol go back to the stone age, past Hogarth’s Beer Street and Gin Lane in the 1700s through to the peak modern drinking period of the 90s and early 00s. This was the Britpop era: a wasted Jarvis Cocker mooning at Michael Jackson at the Brit awards in 1996 and the hideous proliferation of garish alcopops with brand names with no vowels. That period also saw a breakdown in the social taboos around women’s drinking that led to an explosion of alcohol being marketed to them. Witness the birth of the ladette and girlfriends drinking boyfriends under the table. Witness a massive overall rise in consumption.
As a society, we have always thought of drinking as a bit naughty. The language we use is telling. A “cheeky pint” after work; a “swift half”; “OK, but just one glass of merlot”. Everyone has feigned resistance at one time or another – but we don’t try very hard. And in recent decades, anyone who didn’t want to drink was considered an anomaly. You driving? You sick? You on antibiotics? You pregnant? You, you know … (whisper it) in recovery? An answer of none of the above would elicit raised eyebrows, a puzzled expression or, more likely, mirth. Possibly even anger or dislike. In years past, people who have chosen sobriety, or rarely had a drink, have been subject to intense peer pressure. Non-drinkers became isolated – not out of preference, but because British social life has been entirely organised around alcohol. Booze sat at the head of the table at dinner parties, dominated the dancefloor and landed deals at lunch meetings.
But over the past decade, that culture has shifted. It has certainly been difficult to avoid the news that alcohol isn’t good for you. The most recent reminder came last week, care of a Lancet paper, reporting that every glass of wine or pint of beer over the daily recommended limit will cut half an hour from the expected lifespan of a 40-year-old. And that recommended upper safe limit is lower than you might expect. The paper suggested five 175ml glasses of wine or five pints a week – about 12.5 units in total. Overdo it, and you are at greater risk of stroke, fatal aneurysm, heart failure and early death.
Then there’s the cancer risk. There was consternation in 2016 when Prof Dame Sally Davies, the government’s chief medical officer, told MPs just one glass of wine could increase the risk of breast cancer. This came just a few weeks after the recommended upper safe limit for men was revised down from 21 to 14 units a week, the same as for women.
The quality newspapers interview health experts and sociologists about the problems with alcohol; the popular press shames indulgent punters (usually northern, often women) on dark high streets, hitting the chip shops at 3am. That picture of the woman lying on her back on a bench, sozzled, gets wheeled out. And there have been all sorts of schemes and campaigns designed to curb our enthusiasm for drinking. There’s the Department of Transport’s road-safety Think! campaign, for instance, much of which has focused on drink driving. In 2012, Andrew Lansley and the Department for Health rolled out the Change4Life campaign, while Challenge 25, introduced in 2005 by the British Beer and Pub Association, encourages people who may look under 25 to carry ID when attempting to purchase alcohol, and encourages retailers to ask for it. This has made it harder for groups of teenagers to bulk buy supermarket-own tinnies. (Attempting to enter licensed premises to buy alcohol using a fake ID is a criminal offence, carrying a maximum £5,000 fine and up to 10 years imprisonment.)
All of this legislation, campaigning and awareness raising has had an impact, just as they did on tobacco consumption. In particular, millennials (those born between 1981 and 1996) and the later Generation Z (those born after 1996), are surprisingly sober.
“Alcohol is a strange concept,” says Ben Gartside, 19, a politics student at Hull University who is originally from Manchester. “Here’s a liquid you can drink and it can lead to you not remembering the night before and making bad decisions.” Ben is typical of many young people I speak to, in that he prefers to spend his money on food and travel rather than pub sessions.
Another young person I speak to says his family are heavy drinkers and he wanted to avoid falling into that pattern. In a broader sense, says Dr James Nicholls, director of research and policy development at Alcohol Research UK, this is quite common among young people; they are rebelling against older generations’ chosen methods of rebellion. According to a 2017 ONS study, more than a quarter of 16- to 24-year-olds are teetotal, a four-fold increase on the rest of the population, with just one in 10 seeing drinking as “cool”. Nicholls says that drinking among young people has been declining for a decade.  




Thank you for supporting the Last Drinks campaign

Apr 8, 2018  by 21bethere

Thank you for supporting the Last Drinks campaign to protect our community from alcohol related violence.
The laws that we campaigned for in 2014 have now saved thousands of people from violence on our streets.
Now we need to keep the pressure on the NSW Government so they don't back down or succumb to the pressures of the liquor industry and a vocal minority, and scrap the liquor laws we all fought so hard for. 
To do this we must remind our Parliamentarians of the dangers of watering down our liquor laws, by sharing real life case studies of people who have been impacted by alcohol related assault.
If you’ve been a victim of a non-domestic, alcohol related assault, and want to help our campaign to keep the laws in place, tell us your story by emailing
Or if you own or know a local business that has benefited from Sydney’s alcohol laws and would like the opportunity to speak to media, send an email to
Thanks for your support of the Last Drinks campaign so far.
Together, we will make sure community safety is not put at greater risk again.
The Last Drinks coalition  




Raising Awareness of the Link Between Alcohol and Cancer

Mar 28, 2018  by 21bethere

Prevention in Oncology is guest edited by Jennifer Ligibel, MD, Chair of ASCO’s Energy Balance Working Group and a member of ASCO’s Cancer Survivorship and Cancer Prevention Committees. Dr. Ligibel is Director of the Leonard P. Zakim Center for Integrative Therapies at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. 
Each Prevention in Oncology column will address one of five areas in cancer prevention— alcohol use, obesity, tobacco use, vaccines to prevent cancer-causing infections, and germline genetics—with the goal of providing strategies to reduce the risk of cancer, as well as preventing cancer recurrence and second malignancy during cancer survivorship. 
Among the many surprising findings in ASCO’s National Cancer Opinion Survey, published this past October, is that 30% of the more than 4,000 Americans polled identified alcohol as a risk factor for cancer, and just 38% of respondents said they limit alcohol consumption to prevent cancer.1 The survey results were published a month before ASCO issued its statement on the role alcohol plays in the development of cancer and its recommendations to reduce cancer risk through evidence-based strategies to prevent the excessive use of alcohol and modify behavior.2 
The connection between heavy, prolonged alcohol use and the increased risk for certain cancers—mainly those of the upper aerodigestive tract (e.g., oropharyngeal, laryngeal, and esophageal cancers), as well as colon, liver, and female breast cancers—has been well known for at least 3 decades, given the International Agency for Research on Cancer’s determination in 1987 that alcoholic beverages were carcinogenic to humans.3 In fact, it is estimated that 5.5% of all new cancer occurrences and 5.8% of all cancer deaths worldwide4—and 3.5% of all cancer deaths in the United States5—are attributable to alcohol consumption. 
For complete article  




Evidence on the nature and extent of alcohol promotion and the consequences for young people

Mar 21, 2018  by 21bethere

Evidence on the nature and extent of alcohol promotion and the consequences for young people's alcohol consumption Alcohol consumption is a ubiquitous and widely accepted part of Australian life. It is commonly consumed at social occasions, during recreational activities, and at cultural ceremonies. In 2014-2015, over 80% of the adult population in Australia reported consuming alcohol in the past year. Drinking in large quantities is seen as a rite of passage to adulthood, and this is reflected in the large increase in alcohol consumption with attainment of the legal age to purchase alcohol. Furthermore, the production and consumption of alcohol are major contributors to the Australian economy (Richardson, 2012). However, alcohol is “no ordinary commodity “and a large body of evidence now demonstrates that alcohol consumption imposes a significant health and social burden on Australian society. For complete report Click here for PDF  




Feeling fine after one drink? Your brain"s not

Mar 20, 2018  by 21bethere

?Feeling fine after one drink? Your brain's not
20 March 2018 By Honor Whiteman   Fact checked by Jasmin Collier
If, like me, you enjoy the occasional glass of wine in the evening, you probably don't feel as though your judgment or alertness is impaired after this one drink. But according to a new study, it is.
Researchers find that just one drink can interfere with decision-making.
Yep, that's right. Researchers say that we don't need to guzzle an entire bottle of vino for our cognition to suffer; just a single alcoholic drink has the power to mess with our minds — we're just not aware of it..
Drinking impairs decision-making
So, how does a single drink affect our brain waves and overall cognition? Well, the study found that drinking doesn't appear to affect our beta waves. When it comes to theta waves, however, it's a different story.
After drinking just one cocktail, study subjects showed a reduction in theta wave frequency: they fell to almost half the frequency of those who drank the orange juice. In the task itself, the cocktail was found to reduce subjects' color-matching accuracy by 5 percent, although their reaction times were unaffected by alcohol.
The researchers say that their findings suggest that even a single alcoholic drink can impair our ability to make decisions, though we're not aware of it. Importantly, because our motor control appears unaffected by alcohol, we're likely to proceed with certain physical actions, under the illusion that we're making the right choice.
For more
    ...Read More



2018 Annual Alcohol Poll – Attitudes & Behaviours

Mar 20, 2018  by 21bethere

FARE 2018 Annual alcohol poll: Attitudes and behaviours.

The Poll is now in its ninth year of publication and explores Australia’s attitudes towards alcohol, drinking behaviours, awareness and experience of alcohol harm, and opinions on alcohol policies.
Key findings this year include:
  • Fewer than half than half of Australians are aware of the link between alcohol misuse and stroke (38%), mouth and throat cancer (26%) and breast cancer (16%).
  • 70% of Australians indicate that they are aware of the Australian Guidelines to Reduce Health Risks from Drinking Alcohol, but only 28% are also aware of the content.
  • 84% of people think Australians have the right to know about the long-term harms associated with regular alcohol use.
  • 80% of Australians think governments have a responsibility to educate Australians about long?term harms associated with regular alcohol use.
  • 61% of Australians believe that the alcohol industry would downplay independent university research findings linking alcohol consumption to a range of harms such as cancer and family violence.
The report, along with a series of short videos, is available at  




21 Ways Being Sober for 21 Days Has Improved My Life

Mar 13, 2018  by 21bethere

“When you quit drinking you stop waiting.”—Caroline Knapp
On December 8th, with a tequila hangover, I decided to put the bottle down for 30 days of sobriety. Which meant I was sober over Christmas. Which means I was sober over New Years Eve.
With 21 days of sobriety under my belt, this is the longest I’ve gone without alcohol since I drank my first wine cooler at 17 years old. That sentence alone is enough to shock me into clearing out my liquor cabinet.
I’m not claiming addiction, but my relationship with alcohol was not getting me any closer to the person I wanted to be. Hangovers made me lazy and complacent. I would put off work until the headache went away, and I would use my weekends as an emotional crutch to the frustration and stress I felt during the workweek.
I used alcohol to avoid dealing with difficult emotions. I used it as a crutch when I got stuck creatively. It was the thing I went to when the words or ideas stopped flowing, or when the real work of being an entrepreneur began. When I kicked off my 30 days, I wrote an article about unfollowing any alcohol-centric Instagram accounts (you can read the article here). I can say this has definitely helped me in being successful at staying sober this time around.
Being sober has been life changing, here’s 21 reasons why.
1. I’m getting quality sleep
2. I’m more aware of my body
3. I’m hydrated, and it shows
4. Speaking of energy. . .
5. My diet has improved
6. I’m saving money
7. I’ve realized people and moments are more important than the booze you pair it with
This is a funny one. Alcohol is joyous, right? Well. . .in my case, no. Yes, there are joyous occasions in which we celebrate with alcohol, but if you take the booze away, it’s still a celebration. I’ve had a hard time feeling nostalgic for moments I’ve celebrated or cemented with alcohol. Like popping that bottle of champagne on a snowmobile after saying ‘I-do’ to my husband the day we got married. But I’ve realized in being sober that I’m more grateful for the moment and the people I’m celebrating with than the alcohol I’m using to celebrate with. Being sober in joyous moments has made me more present, more attentive, gentler and more patient.
8. I have more time (and energy) to do things that bring me joy (not just a buzz)
When you don’t spend your nights at happy hour, or your weekend mornings catching a buzz at brunch, you have a lot more free time to cultivate new hobbies, or habits that bring you actual fulfillment and joy. Instead of chasing a buzz, I’m spending my time on personal growth, cultivating a healthy marriage, experiencing life, trying new things, and diving deeper into my creativity.
9. My shame around alcohol has disappeared
When I’d wake up with a hangover, my shame would pound just as hard as my head. I would lay in bed thinking “real entrepreneurs don’t wake up with hangovers all the time, they would never waste time like this.” It’s no secret that the most successful entrepreneurs capitalize on being peak performers. You can’t access peak states when you feel like shit or when your brain is foggy. I knew alcohol was keeping me from performing at my best, and so I developed a pretty intense shame around drinking. But, now that I’m not drinking, this shame has also disappeared.
10. Sobriety has convinced me I can do hard things
I’ve tried to ‘get sober,’ drink less, drink once a week, only have one drink per night, etc., for the last couple of years. I chased my tail for a long time and would slip easily off the wagon at the first whiff of a party or glass of Malbec. My constant failure made me believe that I was in fact a failure. It’s what Benjamin Hardy calls self-signaling. Through my behavior of constantly failing at a seemingly simple task (not drinking alcohol), I was convincing myself that I was in fact a failure incapable of sticking to anything I set my mind to. Now that I’ve stuck to it, I’m rewriting my subconscious and convincing myself that I am in fact capable of doing hard things, of finishing what I start, of being successful. This effect is spilling over into other areas of my life as well, like in my writing career.
11. I’m learning to be me again
Alcohol does this funny thing where it lowers your inhibitions and makes us more confident in being or acting a certain way. When I stopped drinking, and went to my first party, I realized how awkward I felt, how boring and introverted I was sober. But in shedding this crutch, I’ve realized a lot of my life I’ve been living from a guarded and inauthentic place. I wasn’t letting the world see who I am, and I was stifling my personality because it felt too scary to be my vulnerable, messy, human self. Now that I’ve removed the alcohol crutch, I’m discovering who I am behind the wine and tequila. It’s difficult and incredible. It feels uncomfortable, but it’s the most sure I’ve ever felt.
12. I’m learning a lot of fun stuff
13. I’m learning to speak my truth
14. When I speak my truth, my relationships improve
15. I remember things now
Like the details, the small things that make up this beautiful life. Details like the constant hum of crickets, birds and geckos in the jungle. The small things, like the metronome tempo of the ocean breaking against the beach. All sorts of beautiful things that alcohol blends together into nothingness, those are the things I remember and live for, and I’m grateful to experience them every day.
16. I feel healthier
Alcohol is a toxin, as soon as you drink it, your body has to do the difficult work of cleansing your body of it. Which means while your body is busy flushing the toxins out, it’s not healing. Just knowing I haven’t put alcohol into my body makes me feel healthier, like I’m doing my beautiful body a huge favor.
17. Sobriety has put me ahead of the curve
18. My healthy lifestyle isn’t being immediately thrown in the trash by boozing
19. Sobriety has made me realize how distracted I was
20. Sobriety has proved to me that my identity isn’t fixed.
21. I wake up feeling great
The older I get, the worse my hangovers are. One glass of wine would give me a hangover, the shame-scaries, and make me sleepy by noon. Now I wake up at 5am with energy, purpose and a clear head. It’s the best way to start the day.
Take Action! Your writing career begins and ends with your lifestyle, environment and mindset. I created a free training, which distills my years of writing struggle, so you can create a life and environment that supports your writing dreams, without wasting years of your life.
For Complete Article  




7 Alcohol-Free St. Patrick"s Day Party Ideas, Because Green Beer Isn"t For Everyone

Mar 12, 2018  by 21bethere

By Shari Maurer3 days ago
St. Patrick was the patron saint of Ireland but his holiday has devolved into such a big party he seems to be the patron saint of booze, especially on March 17. There are so many reasons to keep this St. Patrick's Day a little drier or even totally free of alcohol — you might be pregnant or nursing, you might not want to drink around your kids, or you might just be totally over the whole thing. If so, there are lots of alcohol-free St. Patrick's Day party ideas that you can partake in, and still feel like you're celebrating.
St. Patrick's Day fun doesn't have to be alcohol-based. It's easy to go to the party store, buy some shamrock decorations, get some green plates and cups, and come up with holiday-themed games. Often it's just a matter of finding a St. Paddy's day twist on a tried and true activity or favorite food. You can also encourage your friends to come dressed in green and get St. Patrick's Day fake tattoos ($15 for set of 72, Amazon) or green face paint ($13, Amazon) for anyone who'd like to add an extra zing.
Many of these ideas work for adults-only parties, but there also pretty benign and can be done with the kids around, too. Though good luck getting your kid to eat green food!
For complete article  




Time’s Up For Big Alcohol

Mar 8, 2018  by 21bethere
Open Letter
Time’s Up For Big Alcohol Usurping Feminist Values
Posted on Mar 8 '18, in Alcohol IndustryCorporate Consumption ComplexHuman RightsIOGTSocial JusticeWomen's Rights
International Women’s Day Open Letter about incompatible partnership between alcohol company and International Women’s Day
Aurora Ventures (Europe) Limited
Quadrant House, 4 Thomas More Square,
London E1W 1YW,
United Kingdom

Dear International Women’s Day organizers,
Dear Aurora Ventures (Europe) Limited,
I hope my mail finds you well and I hope this day, today, truly rocks. We, IOGT International, are certainly dedicated to contribute our part to lasting impact of International Women’s Day. I’m writing to you on behalf of a global movement whose members have been fighting for women’s rights literally since the very beginning of the struggle for women’s voting rights.
I’m addressing you today to express our grave concern about the fact that the alcohol industry seems to be supporting your endeavor, International Women’s Day. Diageo, the world’s second largest liquor producer, is listed among the “International Women’s Day 2018 Supporters” on your official website[1].
With all due respect, this is an appalling partnership. It’s an ill-advised partnership. And it is an incompatible partnership laden with conflicts of interest concerning the goals and objectives of International Women’s Day.
  • A recent New York Times Op-Ed laid out how liquor makers were actively and ruthlessly working against women’s voting rights[2].
  • Several decades of alcohol marketing have fueled a culture of sexualization, de-humanization and objectification of women[3].
  • In recent years, the alcohol industry has discovered women and girls as “emerging market” to drive corporate profits and is aggressively targeting women to hook them on their products[4].
  • The alcohol industry produces, distributes, sells and markets products that are extremely harmful to women and girls: addiction, breast cancer, gender-based violence, including domestic and sexual abuse, or HIV/ AIDS are just some of the alcohol-fueled problems massively affecting women[5].
  • Evidence-based and cost-effective public health policies that would help address and solve these problems and thus advance gender equality are routinely blocked, derailed and undermined by the alcohol industry, including Diageo[6].
In my view, these five points give a quick overview of the vast conflict of interest at work in partnering with the alcohol industry. The evidence, examples and stories behind each of these points should make the case clear: the alcohol industry has no role to play in the feminist cause.
I’m painfully aware that Diageo and other alcohol producers are trying to rewrite history by pushing messages about their efforts for women. Diageo’s Jane Walker marketing stunt is just the latest example.
These efforts by the alcohol industry are nothing but cynical attempts to usurp positive values of women empowerment for corporate profits. It’s an outright attack on reality and history. As women fought more than a century ago to protect themselves, their families and communities from raging alcohol harm, so are they fighting today. Back then the struggle took place in the United States, Sweden, UK or Germany. These days similar campaigns are being fought in India, Kenya and Brazil. Same fight, different places, and same foe – the alcohol industry.
This year’s International Women’s Day theme is “press for progress”. Progress can only be achieved if we do not compromise our goals and objectives by working with so called supporters that actually undermine and jeopardize our feminist mission with their core business. I am deeply concerned about this partnership and its implications for the goals of the feminist movement.
Time’s up for Big Alcohol usurping feminist values.
Time’s up for Big Alcohol exploiting women and girls.
I therefore respectfully request that you end the partnership with Diageo and that you revise your partnership policies based on the lessons learned from this case to ensure that no alcohol company will be able to partner with the International Women’s Day in the future.
I look forward to discussing the issue with you and remain at your disposal.
Yours sincerely,
Kristina Sperkova, 
International President, IOGT International,
Stockholm, 08 March 2018
The PDF version of the open letter
[1] Official webiste International Women’s Day: (Accessed March 7, 2018)
[2] Elaine Weiss: Women, Booze and the Vote, in New York Times, March 5, 2018, (Accessed March 5, 2018)
[3] Diageo unethical marketing examples, in Diageo company profile, (Accessed March 8, 2018)
[4] Sperkova, K.: Time’s up for Big Alcohol exploiting feminsim,
[5] Dünnbier, M.: Big Alcohol’s attack on women,
[6] Diageo’s corporate political activity, in Diageo company profile: (Accessed March 8, 2018)  




Coke launches its first alcoholic soft drink

Mar 8, 2018  by 21bethere

Coke launches its first alcoholic soft drink
Mar 8, 2018
In its 132-year history, Coca-Cola has produced a panoply of drinks alongside its signature soda, including bottled water, juices, sports beverages and an Indian refreshment described as “spicy,” “mature” and “masculine.”
This year, the company is mixing in booze.
In Japan, a fiercely competitive market where Coca-Cola says it introduces 100 new products each year, the company plans to test a flavoured, bubbly drink spiked with alcohol.
Coca-Cola has never before ventured into the so-called alcopop sector. But fizzy drinks made with alcohol, fruit juice and sparkling water or soda, a category known as chu-hi in Japan, are popular across the country.
The new drink is the latest idea from a beverage maker that has expanded to new markets with an array of products as the sugary-soda industry, battered by concerns about its health effects, continues its multi-decade decline.
In 2016, Coca-Cola said it unveiled the equivalent of nearly two new products globally every day.
Jorge Garduño, who has led the company’s Japanese division since July, said in an interview on the Coca-Cola website that the chu-hi gambit was “a modest experiment for a specific slice of our market”.
Coca-Cola said it had no additional details about the drink, and no plans to offer it in other markets.
“I don’t think people around the world should expect to see this kind of thing from Coca-Cola,” Mr Garduño said in the interview.
While many markets are becoming more like Japan, I think the culture here is still very unique and special, so many products that are born here will stay here.”
The term chu-hi is an Japanese amalgamation of the words “highball,” a mixed drink, and “Shochu,” a spirit that can be distilled from rice barley, sweet potatoes and other ingredients. Chu-hi drinks are available across the country. Some are concocted on the spot in restaurants, but most are sold in cans at supermarkets, convenience stores and liquor shops or in vending machines.
The beverages are typically more affordable than other alcoholic drinks because their alcohol content, which is usually from 2 to 9 percent, means they are taxed less than stronger drinks.
For complete article -New York Times  




Alcohol is a Gateway Drug for Cocaine

Feb 28, 2018  by 21bethere

Mark Gold MD – RiverMend Health
Alcohol to Cocaine: The study, led by Dr. Edmund Griffin Jr., shows that extended alcohol use serves as a primer in rodents to use cocaine but also more frequently and persistently following exposure to alcohol when compared to rodents that have never had alcohol. We have known since we discovered the reward path in 1954 that rats preferred an electrically induced dopamine high more than food or water, even when administered painful negative reinforcement in order to ingest a drug. But the mechanism by which animals exposed to ethanol increased persistent use of cocaine was not known. Griffin et al, (2017).
Why Does This Matter: Marijuana use appears to be related to both vaping and cigarette smoking and we have observed adult cocaine or opioid addicts in the clinical setting, of which, nearly all describe extensive use of marijuana preceding cocaine or opioid use. These findings all point to a shared mechanism of action for alcohol, tobacco smoking or vaping and marijuana use—thus increasing the likelihood of drug seeking to find a better—and higher—high via substances that increase dopamine faster and thus a more robust euphoric experience. The findings also reveal a novel mechanism by which environmental factors may be part of a unique epigenetic process, thereby altering the bio-environment of the reward system that increases vulnerability to cocaine addiction.
For complete article  




Alcohol-related disease claims 6000 lives

Feb 26, 2018  by 21bethere

Nearly 6000 Australians are dying from alcohol-related diseases each year. (AAP)
Nearly 6000 Australians died as a result of a disease linked to alcohol in 2015, the National Drug Research Institute has found.
Alcohol-related diseases are being blamed for causing the deaths of nearly 6000 Australians each year.
A study by the National Drug Research Institute at Western Australia's Curtin University has found an estimated 5,785 people aged over 15 died from alcohol-attributable causes in 2015.
Just over a third died from alcohol-attributed cancer, with injuries, cardiovascular disease and digestive diseases linked to 17 per cent of deaths.
"This research shows that in Australia, one person dies every 90 minutes on average, and someone ends up in our hospitals every three-and-a-half minutes, because of preventable conditions caused by alcohol," NDRI alcohol policy team leader Professor Tanya Chikritzh said.
Breast cancer and liver disease were the main causes of death for women, while most men died from liver disease and bowel cancer.
As well as the 2000 people who died from alcohol-attributable cancer, another 13,000 were hospitalised with cancers linked to low or moderate drinking levels.
Terry Slevin, education and research director at Cancer Council WA, said many people would be shocked to learn that more than one third of alcohol-related deaths were linked to cancer.
"We rarely see people with a cancer diagnosis link their drinking to the disease," he said.
"We have a long way to go to embed the notion that drinking alcohol genuinely increases risk of cancer and death."
For More  




The Irish actor spoke candidly about his past demons.

Feb 19, 2018  by 21bethere

(Decided to walk away from alcohol in his late 20’s – Cost too much!)
International actor Gabriel Byrne joined Ryan Tubridy on this week's Late Late Show following his recent win at the Irish Film and Television Awards held on Thursday of this week.
Byrne took home the Lifetime Achievement Award at the awards this week, and held an interview with Tubridy to speak candidly about both the high and low points of his career which has spanned five decades.
His first topic, his personal struggle with alcoholism in his twenties, struck a chord with the nation. It seemed that the topic was all too familiar with so many, that a call to action was suggested on Twitter.
WATCH: Gabriel Byrne's speech on alcoholism - We have a problem in this country -The Culture endorses you if you binge! For more go to  




Parents giving teenagers alcohol doesn"t lower risk of binge drinking, study shows

Feb 1, 2018  by 21bethere

Parents who give their children alcohol increase the risk that they will binge drink in their teenage years, an Australian study has found.
There is no evidence to support the view that parents who give their children alcohol are reducing the risk of binge drinking or alcohol-related harms in their teenage years, found the study involving just under 2000 adolescents between 12 and 18 years old.
There is no evidence to support the view that parents who give their children alcohol are reducing the risk of binge drinking or alcohol-related harms in their teenage years.  
Teenagers whose parents allow them to drink are twice as likely to access alcohol through other sources and engage in binge drinking, the researchers reported on Friday in Lancet Public Health.
Teenagers given alcohol by their parents were 95 per cent more likely to binge drink – more than four standard drinks in one sitting – in the future than those who had found another way to score a drink.
"This reinforces the fact that alcohol consumption leads to harm, no matter how it is supplied," said lead author Professor Richard Mattick, a drug and alcohol dependency and behaviour expert at UNSW. "We advise that parents should avoid supplying alcohol to their teenagers if they wish to reduce their risk of alcohol-related harms."
For complete article  




Australian teenagers turn their backs on "uncool" alcohol

Jan 21, 2018  by 21bethere

Today's teenagers are turning their backs on Australia's excessive drinking culture, and shunning other drugs, in a change that has been dubbed a modern "youth revolution".
A study involving more than 41,000 Australian adolescents (average age 13.5) has observed a staggering drop in rates of teen alcohol consumption and smoking since 1999
At the turn of the century, almost 70 per cent of surveyed teenagers had already drunk alcohol.
By 2015, that figure that dropped to 45 per cent, meaning high school students abstaining from alcohol are now in the majority.
An author of the study, Professor John Toumbourou?, said while the adult population were also showing signs of moderating their alcohol consumption, it did not compare to the sharp trend within the secondary school population.
"They are making changes that are much more dramatic to other age groups," said Professor Toumbourou, chair in health psychology at Deakin University.
"It's a new, youth-led revolution."
Drinking and smoking are on the decrease among Australian teens.
Drinking and smoking are on the decrease among Australian teens. 
"It's not cool," she says.
"If one of my friends drunk, I would try to stay away from them a bit."
The year 8 student is from Colac, a town with a population of about 12,400 in south-west Victoria.
Some things stay the same in Colac – it's still the sporty kids who occupy highest rung on the popularity ladder. But alcohol no longer appears to be as trendy as it used to be, at least for kids like Lily.
Lily has read that it is safer to not to drink until after 21 – and she is going to "do her best" to abstain until then.
So, at the moment at least, her outings with friends involve shopping trips to Target, going to the movies and pool, and hanging out at "Maccas".
Fifteen years ago it was her uncle, Ryan Fennell, roaming the streets of Colac looking for something to do.
The financial advisor, now 31, says back then he did not think twice about the health effects of alcohol – it was either not talked about it, or it did not sink in.
"If you weren't drinking, you were strange," he said.
"You were a loser, I guess."
Ryan Fennell and his niece Lily Parsons, born 18 years apart, grew up in generations with differing views on teen drinking.
Ryan Fennell and his niece Lily Parsons, born 18 years apart, grew up in generations with differing views on teen drinking. Photo: Scott McNaughton
His social life in Colac revolved around cricket, footy and hanging out with friends.
"The weekends were focused around how we were going to get alcohol," Mr Fennell recalled.
The newly published study, largely using Victorian data, found that in 1999 almost 40 per cent of surveyed students had favourable attitudes to substance use, compared to only 11 per cent in 2015.
Meanwhile, only 10 per cent of surveyed teens had tried smoking tobacco in 2015, compared to 45 per cent in 1999. Just 4 per cent had tried cannabis, compared to 15 per cent in the older generation.
For complete story  




Why I Don"t Drink Alcohol Any More

Jan 12, 2018  by 21bethere

Why I Don't Drink Alcohol Any More
Mark Serrels, Jan 12, 2018
In the beginning
I have so many reasons for not drinking. Some take the form of stories; some are simple, subjective preferences on my part. Others are objective facts.
But I remember the first time I stopped drinking. I was 21. I also remember the first time I got drunk.
I was 12 years old.
I grew up in Scotland and everyone drinks. It's cold, wet and miserable -- what else are you supposed to do? But, ironically, the first time I got drunk it was sunny by Scottish standards.
The sun blasted 24C and it was a long weekend. My friends and I hung out with the older kids, and approached one with hair on his back and fluff on his chin, the one with the best chance of getting served in the lax convenience store with a booze licence.
"A two litre bottle of Olde English please," we chanted in unison.
Dear God, our poor pre-teen livers. In Scotland you start early. My brother got drunk for the first time when he was 10.
I sloshed around, trying to hold down this foul cider. The longer the day went, the more rancid the drink became; losing its fizz, increasing in temperature. It wasn't long before I was barfing it back up, alongside the Weetbix and Fruit Pastilles I had eaten that morning…For more  




Aussie drinkers face paying more for booze under radical health plan

Dec 19, 2017  by 21bethere

Tom Minear and James Campbell, Herald Sun - December 19, 2017
DRINKERS would face significant price increases for beer and wine under a proposal to cut Australians’ alcohol ­consumption.
Under the draft plan, ­released by federal and state ministers, the cost of all ­alcoholic drinks would not be allowed to fall below a set level.
The draft national alcohol strategy, quietly released last month, also calls for tough ­restrictions on alcohol advertising during sport, and laws to stop bottle shops providing two-for-one offers and bulk-buy booze discounts.
Other proposals include:
NEW restrictions on the serving of drinks after a certain time, and plastic glassware to be used in “high-risk venues”;
MANDATORY sobriety conditions on repeat offenders, and linked ID scanners to ­prevent entry to venues;
UNDERCOVER checks to ensure bottle shops and venues do not serve those under age;
ASKING alcohol companies to put “readable, impactful health-related warning labels” on their products. Federal Health Minister Greg Hunt chaired last month’s ministerial forum which agreed to release the draft strategy for a final round of feedback, after three years of consultation, with the aim of finalising it by March.
For more  




We quit alcohol nearly two years ago and it changed everything

Dec 10, 2017  by 21bethere

If you had told me a few years ago that my husband and I would completely cut alcohol out of our life, I would’ve laughed you off sarcastically as we raised our wine glasses for yet another clink and sip and then mocked that ridiculous comment. I mean, come on, who doesn’t drink in today’s society? Apart from certain religious groups, pregnant women or recovering alcoholics. For more  




Large study links alcohol misuse to subsequent injury risk in young people

Dec 5, 2017  by 21bethere

Large study links alcohol misuse to subsequent injury risk in young people
The immediate effects of drinking too much alcohol are obvious, unpleasant and can even be life threatening, but a new study has shown that young people who drink excessively, to the degree that they are admitted into hospital because of it, are also at a much higher risk of sustaining injuries in the following 6 months.
The study by researchers in the University of Nottingham's School of Medicine, funded by the NIHR, found that young people who are admitted into hospital in England because of alcohol are seven times more likely to have an injury that needs a hospital stay in the 6 months after the alcohol-related admission and 15 times more likely to end up in hospital through injury in the first month after the alcohol admission. For more   ...Read More



Drinking every day cripples your brain - especially if you"re a woman: Any more than one glass of wine a night crushes cells in an essential brain region, study warns

Nov 27, 2017  by 21bethere

By Kayla Brantley For 
  • Chronic alcohol drinking kills stem cells in key regions of the brain and reduces the development of new nerve cells in adults 
  • For the first time, research showed that female brains showed more severe deficits than males
  • Researchers said this discovery provides a new way of approaching the problem of alcohol-related changes in the brain
For the first time, research showed that female brains displayed more severe deficits after drinking than males, who would need more than 14 drinks a week to suffer significant damage.
The researchers in Texas said the findings, while alarming, could open a door to combating alcoholism by helping us to understand alcohol-related brain changes.
Read more:   




UConn Study: Teenage Pot, Alcohol Use Can Reduce Success Later In Life

Nov 9, 2017  by 21bethere

Teens who use a lot of marijuana and alcohol are less likely to have a full-time job when they grow up, or to get a college education or get married, according to a new study by University of Connecticut researchers.
The study of 1,165 young adults from across the U.S. also found that dependence on pot and booze may also have a “more severe effect on young men” than on young women.
This study found that chronic marijuana use in adolescence was negatively associated with achieving important developmental milestones in young adulthood.
— Elizabeth Harari, University of Connecticut researcher
Young women who were dependent on marijuana and alcohol were also less likely to go to college and had a lower standard of living than nondependent women, but were equally likely to be employed full time and to get married as nondependent women.
“This study found that chronic marijuana use in adolescence was negatively associated with achieving important developmental milestones in young adulthood,” Elizabeth Harari, a UConn Health psychiatry resident and author of the study, told UConn Today. For complete article  




First-time Victorian drink drivers to lose licences under tough new laws

Nov 1, 2017  by 21bethere

Reforms cracking down on low-range drink-driving off­ences have been introduced into parliament. Generic picture
First-time Victorian drink drivers to lose licences under tough new laws
KIERAN ROONEY, Herald Sun - November 1, 2017
THOUSANDS of first-time drink-drivers will lose their ­licences and have interlock devices installed in their cars under new laws introduced by the Andrews Government.
Reforms cracking down on low-range drink-driving off­ences were introduced to parliament yesterday and are expected to come into effect early next year if passed.
Up to 3000 full licence-holders are caught drink-driving with a blood-alcohol content between 0.05 and 0.07 each year, the lowest punishable level.
The changes will mean drink-drivers in this range, including first-time offenders, will have their licences cancelled immediately and they will be disqualified from driving for three months.
Every drink-driver in the state will also be required to have an interlock fitted to their car for at least six months and must complete a behavioural change program.
An alcohol interlock immobilises a car until a driver successfully passes a breath­alyser test in the device.
They will cost drink-­drivers about $180 to install, $150 per month to maintain and $100 to remove. Minister for Roads and Road Safety Luke Donnellan said low-level drink-driving was a serious danger.
“We make no apologies for toughening penalties for drink-drivers who continue to put the lives of Victorians at risk,” he said
For complete article




Call to ban alcohol in supermarkets after cameras reveal over-exposure to children

Oct 26, 2017  by 21bethere

The cameras around 167 children's necks showed they were exposed to alcohol 78 times at 30 different supermarkets in ...
The cameras around 167 children's necks showed they were exposed to alcohol 78 times at 30 different supermarkets in Wellington.
New Zealand children are being exposed to alcohol nearly every time they go to the supermarket, sparking a call from researchers to have it banned from such stores. 
The over-exposure of alcohol to children put it on par with everyday products such as bread and milk, causing children to drink alcohol earlier in their life, Tim Chambers from Otago University's Department of Public Health said. 

The department's research found that 85 per cent of children were exposed to alcohol in Wellington supermarkets.
For more go to   ...Read More



Why I finally admitted I was powerless over alcohol

Oct 10, 2017  by 21bethere

By Shanna Whan
Three years ago I had hit my personal rock bottom, and was at a point where I was ready to take my own life. And yet here I stand, today, blessed to be three years into a life fully-recovered, healthy, and completely free from any desire to even touch alcohol. There are countless women who think there is no hope left…It wasn't like falling off a cliff and having a tragic accident. It wasn't sudden. This thing took hold of my life when I was 18, and manifested over a period of more than twenty years. It began as a series of traumatic events and abusive relationships that happened when I was an extremely naïve young country girl.  




Alcohol industry giants exploit loopholes to market booze to Australian children

Sep 27, 2017  by 21bethere

Alcohol industry giants exploit loopholes to market booze to Australian children

Major alcohol labels like Carlton Draught and VB are exploiting a major loophole to promote alcohol to children and young people on TV. Current regulations ban TV alcohol advertising in time slots when children are likely to be watching, but an exception allows advertising during sport on weekends and public holidays. A report released by the Alcohol Advertising Review Board today shows that 4 in 5 Australians are concerned about children’s exposure to alcohol promotion. 

For complete media release see attached PDF
160426 naaa_devin  




Small actions huge effect

Sep 24, 2017  by 21bethere
- Small actions huge effect -
One alcohol-free drink makes a difference, one alcohol-free party, one act to shatter the alcohol norm…

Transformative change is built from the ground up. 

That’s why Drink Revolution is about you and what you can do.
Seriously! Be a Revolutionary, join today   ...Read More



How binge drinking alters brain activity

Sep 20, 2017  by 21bethere

Published 15 September 2017  By Tim Newman

Binge drinking students
Researchers uncover changes in brain activity associated with binge drinking. Earlier studies showed that alcoholic people have measurable changes in their resting brain activity. And now, for the first time, researchers find similar changes in the brains of non-alcoholic students who binge drink.
Non-bingers' and bingers' brains compared
When the neural activity of the two groups was compared, there were significant differences. More specifically, there was a measurable increase in beta and theta oscillations in the right temporal lobe - particularly the parahippocampal and fusiform gyri - and the occipital cortex.
The parahippocampal gyrus is believed to play a part in coding and retrieving memories. The fusiform gyrus does not have a well-defined role to date but seems to be involved in recognition. The occipital cortex deals with processing visual information.
Interestingly, the increased activity in these areas mirrors those found in the brains of chronic alcoholics.
The researchers believe that the alterations in brain activity might be early signs of alcohol-induced brain damage. Changes in these regions may indicate a reduction in their ability to respond to external stimuli, which may hamper information processing.
Younger brains are still developing, and the researchers believe that this might make them more vulnerable to alcohol damage.
"These features might be down to the particularly harmful effects of alcohol on young brains that are still in development, perhaps by delaying neuromaturational processes." Eduardo López-Caneda
For complete article  




Many young people have tried alcohol, but few drink regularly

Sep 19, 2017  by 21bethere

Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children
Just over 40% of teens reported having had a few sips of alcohol by the age of 15, but only 16% had consumed a full serve. Of those who had tried alcohol, 28% of boys and 15% of girls had done so before the age of 13.
This doesn’t mean that young teenagers who have tried alcohol are necessarily drinking to excess, just that they are sampling alcohol at a relatively young age. For most 14- and 15-year-olds, drinking alcohol was not a regular practice — only 7% had consumed an alcoholic drink in the month before their interview.
Parents’ regular, short-term, risky drinking was shown to be a strong factor in influencing their teenage children to try alcohol. Around 11% of mothers and 30% of fathers reported having at least five drinks on a single occasion at least twice a month.
Most parents did not drink daily; of those who did, more men than women exceeded guidelines for long-term risk. of parents (of 12–to-13-year-olds) who drink at risky levels.
Friends also had a strong influence. Almost 40% of those who had at least one friend who drank alcohol had tried alcohol themselves, compared to only 5% of those who had no friends who drank.
Teens were also more likely to have tried alcohol if they were the only child, in the later stages of puberty, or in a single-parent household. But even after accounting for all these factors, there was still a significant association between parents’ drinking habits and adolescents’ alcohol use. Those whose parents drank at a risky level were most likely to have tried alcohol

(For complete article  




Non-drinkers deserve a great adult cocktail: how alcohol-free spirits became a stealth hit

Sep 11, 2017  by 21bethere

The number of British adults who consume alcohol is at its lowest since 2005, and a new generation of booze-free spirits offer a welcome alternative to lemonade. But which is better, a strawberry sour or an old fashioned made with ‘Whissin’?

Rebecca Nicholson

On a warm Sunday afternoon, hundreds of people are milling around what is usually the site of an antiques fair or farmers’ market in Bermondsey, south London. Today, it’s a festival dedicated to drinking. There’s live music, a Heineken stand, a few craft brewers, some cocktails-in-cans, and a smattering of wine vendors. But nothing from these stalls will get you drunk.

This is Club Soda’s Mindful Drinking festival, and there’s not an ABV label in sight. 

For more   ...Read More



Why Going Dry Is The New High For Young People

Aug 28, 2017  by 21bethere

Leah Sian Davies Youth Coach, Speaker and Writer
Last month I got to deliver a lunchtime talk to staff at Cardiff University about the change in attitudes to alcohol amongst young people. I find this topic fascinating because having spent 10 years working in the field of drug and alcohol addiction before starting my own business I’m noticing how much has changed in relation to alcohol.
‘The proportion of 16-24-year-olds who are teetotal increased by more than 40% between 2005 and 2013. Today, 1 in 5 is teetotal.’
‘Binge drinking among young adults fell from 29% to 18% between 2005 and 2013 and fell from 25% to 19% among those aged 25 to 44.’

Office for National Statistics 2015
I think this is quite exciting and shows that the new generation of young people are very different to previous ones. I have definitely noticed this in my work with young people too. I feel that they are far less interested in getting drunk and seem to spend more time with their families or have friends around to the house for 18th and 21st birthday parties, which is very different to when I was 18! For more
?   ...Read More



Work hard, work hard - a quarter of modern medical students are teetotal (UK)

Aug 28, 2017  by 21bethere

 Henry Bodkin  18/8/17
The ‘work hard, play hard’ medical student who burns the candle at both ends, consuming prodigious quantities of alcohol before an early morning anatomy class, has long been a staple of university life.
But a new survey carried out for the British Medical Journal suggests this stereotype is now little more than a myth.
Merely one in ten future doctors currently exceed the Government’s recommended weekly alcohol limit, and a quarter profess themselves to be completely teetotal For more  




Developing an alternative alcohol advertising complaint review system: lessons from a world-first public health advocacy initiative

Aug 22, 2017  by 21bethere

“The Steering Committee developed a code covering all forms of alcohol marketing, with a focus on protecting children and young people. A young person was defined as under 25 years, consistent with evidence regarding the impact of alcohol on the developing brain19 and the ABAC provision that alcohol advertisements must not depict adults younger than 25 years.”14
Young people in Australia are frequently exposed to alcohol marketing. Leading health organisations recommend legislative controls on alcohol advertising as part of a comprehensive approach to reduce alcohol-related harm. However, Australia relies largely on industry self-regulation.
This paper describes the development and implementation of the Alcohol Advertising Review Board (AARB), a world-first public health advocacy initiative that encourages independent regulation of alcohol advertising. The AARB reviews complaints about alcohol advertising, and uses strategies such as media advocacy, community engagement and communicating with policy makers to highlight the need for effective regulation. In 4 years of operation, the AARB has received more complaints than the self-regulatory system across a similar period. There has been encouraging movement towards stronger regulation of alcohol advertising.
Key lessons include the importance of a strong code, credible review processes, gathering support from reputable organisations, and consideration of legal risks and sustainability. The AARB provides a unique model that could be replicated elsewhere. For complete article

For PDF download here  




Taking a sober look at the availability of alcohol

Aug 20, 2017  by 21bethere

Easy access to cheap alcohol is linked to a range of related harms including violence, but planning policies and liquor industry regulations aren't built to address the issue. Across the state, local planning officers are working towards change.
The complex causes behind family violence are under scrutiny, now more than ever as recommendations from the recent Royal Commission into Family Violence start to feed into new reforms. Among them is the question of how easy access to cheap alcohol relates to levels of local violence.
In particular, attention is focussed on the rapid rise of chain-store liquor outlets: an increase in the area of 50 per cent over the past 15 years, outstripping population growth. Victorian research conducted in 2011 found that a 10 per cent increase in off-licence liquor outlets can be associated with a 3.3 per cent increase in domestic violence. And a 2014 report from the Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education cited chain-store alcohol outlets as contributing "most significantly to trauma risk, with each additional chain outlet associated with a 35.3 per cent increase in intentional injuries [such as assaults] and a 22 per cent increase in unintentional injuries [such as falls]".
A 10 per cent increase in off-licence liquor outlets is associated with a 3.3 per cent increase in domestic violence.
Planning officers' limited powers
Maya Rivis, principal program officer alcohol and tobacco at VicHealth, says: "The social harm that comes from alcohol needs to be considered both at the planning and liquor licensing stages, but currently it is not given enough weight in the decision-making process."
And that's because social impacts are not part of the criteria on which proposals for new off-license liquor outlets are judged. The regulatory system that currently oversees these decisions simply is not built that way.
Researchers at LaTrobe University are currently investigating the use of the planning system to reduce alcohol-related harm. "Planning law is often about the direct impacts on the land around the premises, but with packaged alcohol the effect could be happening kilometres away," concedes research officer Claire Wilkinson.
Planning law is often about the direct impacts on the land around the premises, but with packaged alcohol the effect could be happening kilometres away. 
For more
    ...Read More



Boozing culture has got to change

Aug 20, 2017  by 21bethere

No one wants to end up in hospital after a night on the booze. No doctor or nurse wants to face physical and verbal abuse at the hands of a drunk patient. No one should be happy that emergency waiting rooms are full of injured Victorians who’ve had too much to drink.

Although the majority of Victorians drink moderately, there are too many in our community who continue to put themselves and others at risk of serious alcohol-related harm. Which is why VicHealth has done considerable research into why Victoria, and Australia, has a culture where risky or binge drinking is acceptable.

We’ve discovered, despite the stereotypes, there is no one ‘drinking culture’ in Victoria. People drink for a range of different reasons, in a range of different ways and at a range of different levels – from construction workers drinking to be ‘one of the boys’ to university colleges where binge drinking is just a ‘normal’ part of student life on campus. What’s considered acceptable in a rural community may not be okay in suburban Melbourne.

With so many different alcohol cultures, it makes sense that a one-size-fits-all solution isn’t going to effectively reduce risky drinking in Victoria. Which is why we developed the Alcohol Cultures Framework to guide public health action on alcohol culture change. We’ve also recently announced support for nine new creative projects to try to change a range of drinking cultures across the state. For complete article..
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Forbidden fruit: are children tricked into wanting alcohol?

Aug 17, 2017  by 21bethere

Alcohol advertising is expensively and meticulously researched. Alcohol companies are not likely to receive plaudits from their shareholders for reducing their present or future markets. Indeed, in September 2012, the marketing director of SAB Miller’s Australian Carlton United Brewers was quoted as saying:
I think the first thing is we need to find ways to work harder to make people drink more and drink at higher value…
These billboard advertisements, like other alcohol ads in locations passed by children, come and go. Miller Beer is not alone in emphasising that alcohol products are for adults. Is it too cynical to suggest that advertisements such as this, from a company so closely associated with the tobacco industry, may be helping to portray alcohol as “forbidden fruit” to which children and young people might aspire?
It is hard to credit that anybody other than the alcohol industry and its supporters takes seriously the self-regulatory codes that are supposed to protect children from alcohol advertising. Hence the current increasing pressure for regulation.
Surely, it is also time to ensure that any warning messages, whether about health or directed to children and young people, are developed by our health authorities, rather than by alcohol industry organisations, and global companies whose purpose is to sell as much of their product as possible.

For complete article
For a more thorough and evidence based look at what is actually going on to manipulate the young into stepping onto the Alcohol I.E.D, check out this offering from the Dalgarno Institute  - 
“Peeling Back the Label: Young People & Alcohol Advertising”
   ...Read More



21 Be THERE Consortium Update

Aug 9, 2017  by 21bethere

21 Be THERE Consortium Update – August 2017
We’ve been quite on the communication front for some time, but fear not, things continue to bubble along in the background.
Many folk are busy with their own projects and due to some of the nature of our next phase, it hasn’t been necessary to convene a meeting or upraise you of our progress. However, it’s good to touch base to connect.
Couple of things
  • Petitions: As you are aware we have an ongoing ‘hard copy’ petition campaign that continues to circulate in the background and even this past week receiving more signatures. This process has accumulated many signatures and is heading toward the 1000 mark. This strategy is best deployed during a key campaign push and/or ‘hot button’ moment. We bide our time! You can down load and email a copy of the petition from the website home page or click here
  • Project: Our next phase, which is still being crafted, as you are aware is to actually recruit at least 20-25 venues who will agree to participate in our research by agreeing to have a ‘no services of under 21’ alcohol policy for a specified season. Some of the outcomes we will look for are:
  • Impact on customer demographic
  • Impact on 18-21 year old cohort
  • Impact on venue revenues
  • Impact on venue amenity, just to name a few
We commenced a process of identification of potential participants last year and continue to work on formulating the research parameters before we engage in the recruitment campaign.
What YOU CAN DO is put your thinking/networking ‘caps’ on and come up with a list of at least three venues, i.e. sporting clubs, RSL clubs, Restaurants or other venues that serve alcohol to customers 18 and over who may consider participating in this important research enterprise. Preferably they will venues that you have some connection with and actually think this may be something they would consider.
If you do have such ideas, even if it is only one, please don’t hesitate to submit the name of the venue, and if possible a contact name, Manager/Owner, and we’ll take it from there. As we mentioned, we are still in planning phase, but your involvement and ongoing support is always important.
Anyway, enough for the moment, don’t forget to check on our website and read the Tweets and Blog from time to time, and please promote in via your social media.  




Teens drink less if they know alcohol causes cancer — but most don’t — Adelaide University and SAHMRI study finds

Jul 20, 2017  by 21bethere

TEENS are less likely to drink if they know that alcohol is a major cause of cancer, but most are unaware of the link, a South Australian study has found.
More than 2800 school students aged 12-17 were surveyed about their drinking behaviour by Adelaide University and South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) researchers. Those aged 14-17 were deterred from drinking if they knew about the link between alcohol and cancer, but only 28 per cent of students were aware of the connection. Parental disapproval was another deterrent, while smoking and approval from friends resulted in higher rates of drinking. For more  




Did you get drunk before your 15th birthday?

Jul 2, 2017  by 21bethere

You're 47% more likely to die early: Intoxicated teens are at risk of life-threatening alcohol addiction as adults
  • Getting drunk at 15 or older increases your risk of a premature death by 20%
  • Some 37% who get drunk before 15 suffer from alcohol abuse disorders as adults
  • Only 11% of people who stay sober in their early teens have later abuse problems 
  • Excessive drinking in early life is linked to poor mental health and risky behavior
  • Researchers believe the results may help highlight those needing extra support
Read more:
Researchers from the University of Florida analyzed the drinking habits and death records of almost 15,000 adults, who were followed for three decades.
The researchers examined data from the early 1980s that asked the participants if they had ever been drunk and how old they were when it first occurred.
At the time of the interviews, most participants were aged between 18 and 44-years-old. 
Key findings
Compared to study participants who said they never got drunk, those who did so at least once before they turned 15 were 47 percent more likely to die during the study period.
Getting drunk at 15 or older increased the risk of death during the study by 20 percent.
Some 61 percent of the study's participants said they had been drunk at some point, with around 13 percent of first-time cases occurring before they turned 15.
Of those who got drunk young, around 37 percent were suffering from an alcohol abuse disorder at the time of the interviews, compared to 11 percent of abuse sufferers who did not get intoxicated until they were older.
By the end of the study, 26 percent of those who got drunk young had died, compared to 23 percent of those who got drunk later and 19 percent who had never been inebriated.  Read more:    ...Read More



Moderate alcohol consumption linked to brain decline

Jun 16, 2017  by 21bethere

Moderate alcohol consumption linked to brain decline
By Catharine Paddock PhD
Published 7th  June 2017

The results of a new study have shown that even moderate alcohol intake can have a negative impact on cognitive health.
A new study concludes that even moderate alcohol consumption is linked to a raised risk of faster decline in brain health and mental function. The researchers say that their findings support the United Kingdom's recent tightening of guidance on alcohol and question the limits given in the United States guidelines… The data included information about weekly alcohol consumption and regular measures of brain function and mental performance. The participants also had an MRI brain scan at the end of the study.
When they analyzed the data, the researchers found that higher alcohol intake over the 30-year study period was tied to a higher risk of atrophy or tissue degeneration in the hippocampus, which is a part of the brain that is important for spatial orientation and memory.
For more  




Even Light Alcohol Consumption In Adolescence Affects Grey Matter Volumes

Jun 4, 2017  by 21bethere

Adolescents who drink alcohol are at increased risk for injury and substance use disorder later in life, even when they do not meet criteria for alcohol use disorder (AUD). This study assessed changes in grey matter volumes over a 10-year period between adolescence and early adulthood in individuals who had alcohol use (as defined by AUDIT-C score), but did not meet criteria for AUD or use other substances.
  • The following areas had smaller grey matter volumes in participants with “heavy” drinking when compared with those with “light” consumption* (control): bilateral subgenual anterior cingulate cortex, right orbitofrontal and frontopolar cortex, right superior temporal gyrus, and the right insular cortex.
* Defined by authors as: heavy = AUDIT-C score of ≥4 for males or ≥3 for females; light = AUDIT-C score of ≤2.
Comments: This study demonstrates that even levels of alcohol consumption that may be considered benign “experimentation” during adolescence are associated with smaller grey matter in several brain regions. Functional changes in the insular cortex are associated with propensity to return to substance use; disrupted development in this area may be the basis of the association between early initiation and increased risk of AUD in adulthood. The results underscore the risks of adolescent alcohol use and suggest that AUD diagnostic criteria may not be sensitive enough to identify them in this population.
Sharon Levy, MD, MPH
Reference: Heikkinen N, Niskanen E, Könönen M, et al. Alcohol consumption during adolescence is associated with reduced grey matter volumes. Addiction. 2017;112(4):604–613.
    ...Read More



The Impact of Drinking Age Laws on Perpetration of Sexual Assault Crimes in Canada, 2009-2013.

May 25, 2017  by 21bethere

Gatley JM1, Sanches M2, Benny C3, Wells S4, Callaghan RC5.
Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA laws are 18 years in Quebec, Alberta, and Manitoba (MLDA-18), and 19 years in the rest of the country (MLDA-19). The present study assesses whether MLDA laws might have an impact on sexual-assault crimes.
Release from Canadian MLDA law restrictions was strongly associated with increases in sexual-assault perpetration by young men. These findings lend support to the potential effectiveness of population-level alcohol control policies for sexual-assault prevention among youth
For more




Binge drinking BEFORE you get pregnant ‘can have life-long effects on future children’

Apr 3, 2017  by 21bethere

An American study suggests it raises the risk of having children born with high blood sugar
WOMEN who binge drink before they become pregnant risk harming their babies, a study suggests. They are more likely to have children with high blood sugar, increasing their chances of developing diabetes as adults…  "These findings suggest that the effects of a mother's alcohol misuse before conception may be passed on to her offspring. "These changes could have lifelong effects on the offspring's glucose function and possibly increase their susceptibility to diabetes." For more  




Our teens are out of control. Why? Because parents are too weak

Mar 27, 2017  by 21bethere

The response has been predictable: shock, horror, revulsion, fear, incredulity and blame.
The fact is teenage girls are being sexually assaulted every weekend at parties, according to drug and alcohol campaigner Paul Dillon.
“It literally happens every single weekend and the saddest part is that girls very rarely report it because they think it’s part of the alcohol experience,” he told me this week.
“I can’t tell you the number of girls who’ve told me they’ve blacked out and only found out there’s been a guy on top of them or having sex with them when they’ve been shown a photograph.”
Dillon advises making it as “bloody difficult as humanly possible” for teens to drink. If you won’t supply alcohol or let them drink at home and they threaten to go and drink in the park, don’t cave. As he says, most won’t.
Increasing the Minimum Drinking Age MLDA to 21 and better enforcement of secondary supply laws  will help reduce these appalling incidences!
For more  




IHHP - Normanton "Think Smart" – The Drink?

Mar 14, 2017  by 21bethere





Knox welfare workers find up to a third of bottle shops selling alcohol to youngsters without asking for proof of age

Feb 16, 2017  by 21bethere

Kimberley Seedy, Knox Leader

·         Call to close underage drinking loophole
·         ALDI’s tough stance on alcohol
·         Parents key to stopping binge drinking in kids
·         Bottle shops’ shocking underage statistic

A COVERT operation by a Knox welfare group has found a third of bottle shops they investigated selling alcohol to young people without checking for identification.
Representatives from Communities That Care Knox — a partnership of 25 organisations, including Knox Council, Victoria Police and Eastern Access Community Health — went undercover at 27 bottle shops across Knox during a month last year to check if they were selling alcohol to underage customers.
The check involved a legal-aged person who looked underage trying to buy alcohol, with an independent monitor present.
The exercise found a third of bottle shops sold alcohol without checking ID cards.

For More  




Iceland knows how to stop teen substance abuse but the rest of the world isnt listening

Jan 30, 2017  by 21bethere

Iceland knows how to stop teen substance abuse but the rest of the world isn’t listening
In Iceland, teenage smoking, drinking and drug use have been radically cut in the past 20 years. Emma Young finds out how they did it, and why other countries won’t follow suit.   ...Read More



Results of student alcohol survey released

Jan 28, 2017  by 21bethere

Story: Prishita Eloise Maheshwari-Aplin   Twitter: TCSNewspaper   
JANUARY 28, 2017 credit: Kimery Davis
A recent survey by the University of Cambridge, involving more than 6,000 undergraduate and graduate students, has presented a number of alcohol-related statistics, such as the fact that while almost 30% of students do not drink, a similar percentage drink more than the recommended weekly limit.
The mix of gender (52% female, 48% male) and level of study (67% undergraduate and 33% postgraduate) of survey respondents reflects the makeup of the Cambridge student body and has allowed the university to compare results with those obtained by the National Union of Students (NUS) in 2016 from students at 21 higher education institutions in the UK.  
The Cambridge survey showed that 25% of Cambridge students drink to get drunk regularly, with students generally citing various reasons for drinking. This included having fun (73%), to relax after a hard day (42%), peer pressure (20%), social routine (36%), and to overcome anxiety (18%).
21% of students reported sexual harassment (drinkers and non-drinkers), with 74% of those believing that alcohol had, in some way, been a factor. A high proportion of students overall felt there was a need for more alcohol-free spaces (40%)
For more  




Sign up for new campaign ‘One Year No Beer’ and get healthy

Jan 24, 2017  by 21bethere

Sign up for new campaign ‘One Year No Beer’ and get healthy
One Year No Beer, a new alcohol-free challenge launches today and aims to encourage more people to give up drinking. OYNB is a lifestyle initiative that focuses on changing people’s relationship with alcohol and in turn improving mind, body, life and relationships. The campaign mission is simple: change the attitudes around alcohol by providing the public with a resource to enable them to achieve clarity and confidence without booze for 30, 60, 90 or 365 days. Contrary to Dry January, often a lonely, laborious battle, OYNB already has 10,000 people signed up and adopts a distinctly positive approach to build confidence, motivation and create strategies for people to enjoy life alcohol-free.

Read more at:
    ...Read More



Australian approach to alcohol “dismal”

Jan 23, 2017  by 21bethere

Alcohol and tax — time for real reformMJA PERSPECTIVE

Perceptions of Australasian emergency department staff of the impact of alcohol-related presentationsMJA RESEARCH

Australia Day 2016: alcohol-related presentations to emergency departmentsMJA SHORT REPORT
Issue 1 / 16 January 2017
TACKLING alcohol advertising in sport is crucial to reducing excessive drinking, say experts, after new research reveals high rates of alcohol-related presentations to hospitals on Australia Day.
Ms Julia Stafford, executive officer at the McCusker Centre for Action on Alcohol and Youth told MJA InSight that “while alcohol companies promote and profit from the link between alcohol and our national day, emergency departments (EDs) are dealing with the ugly consequences”.
She said that Australia’s emergency services have “waited long enough for evidence-based alcohol policies that will reduce the burden”.
“We need a comprehensive approach that includes independent regulation of alcohol promotion, reform of the alcohol tax system and effective controls on when and where alcohol is available.”
For complete article go to
    ...Read More



Homicide and the night-time economy

Jan 4, 2017  by 21bethere

Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 521
Stephen Tomsen, Jason Payne; 23 December 2016; Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
The relationship between the consumption of alcohol and a range of violent crimes, including homicide, is overwhelmingly acknowledged by criminologists. Less is known about the specifics of this relationship—in particular, whether the worst alcohol related violence occurs in private, or in public settings such as Australia’s expanding night-time leisure areas.
This study finds no evidence of a substantial concentration of homicides in specific night-time leisure areas. Homicides are, however, both directly and indirectly related to the night-time economy, with indirectly related incidents outweighing others. This finding affirms the need to persist with strategies to limit intoxication associated with night-time leisure, and further explore ways to control the sale of and access to alcohol in the general community.
For complete article   ...Read More



Heavy alcohol use changes adolescents brains

Dec 12, 2016  by 21bethere

Date: December, 2016
Source: University of Eastern Finland
Summary: Heavy alcohol use during adolescence alters the development of brain, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. Cortical thinning was observable in young people who had been heavy drinkers throughout their adolescence. The findings were published in Addiction.
Cingulate cortex has an important role in impulse control, and volumetric changes in this area may play an important role in the development of a substance use disorder later in life. Structural changes in the insula, on the other hand, may reflect a reduced sensitivity to alcohol's negative subjective effects, and in this way contribute to the development of a substance use disorder.
"The exact mechanism behind these structural changes is not known. However, it has been suggested that some of the volumetric changes may be reversible if alcohol consumption is reduced significantly. As risk limits of alcohol consumption have not been defined for adolescents, it would be important to screen and record adolescent substance use, and intervene if necessary." For more  




Alcohol use and motivations for drinking among types of young adult illicit stimulant users

Dec 6, 2016  by 21bethere

Alcohol use and motivations for drinking among types of young adult illicit stimulant users - Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice ISSN 0817-8542: No 515, November 2016
Ellen Leslie, Andrew Smirnov, Jake M Najman & John Scott
Abstract: Drinking among young adult users of amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) during episodes of ecstasy and
methamphetamine use is reported to have a number of possible functions, such as mitigating the unwanted effects
of the drugs, enhancing intoxication and pleasure, and increasing drinking capacity. While there is evidence to suggest a high prevalence of risky drinking among users of ATS in Australia, little is known about how they combine their use of ATS with the
consumption of alcohol or why they do so. This paper considers how ATS users consume alcohol during ecstasy and methamphetamine use, and also addresses alcohol abuse and dependence among low-risk and at-risk ATS users.
At-risk users are more likely to have experienced alcohol abuse and dependence during adolescence or early adulthood, suggesting that higher-risk use of ATS may be linked with problematic drinking patterns. The paper suggests that problematic
behaviour relating to alcohol and ATS use is interlinked, and may be important in developing appropriate policy responses.
Findings: The findings of this study also raise the question of whether the synergistic use of alcohol with illicit stimulants, particularly ecstasy, may lead to increased short- and long-term physical and social harms than the separate use of these substances. The combined use of alcohol and stimulants has been linked with risky behaviours including extremely risky levels of drinking (McKetin et al. 2014) and risky sexual behaviour (Breen et al. 2006). Further research is necessary to examine the potential adverse health and social outcomes of combined alcohol and stimulant use. For complete article go to   ...Read More




Dec 5, 2016  by 21bethere





Drinking excessively while young can trigger serious and permanent health problems

Nov 4, 2016  by 21bethere

Krystal Johnson - Yahoo7 News on November 4, 2016
Young adults who drink too much alcohol may have "hidden health consequences" that are difficult to wipe away even decades after conquering their problem drinking, a study revealed.
Chronic drinkers suffered more medical conditions than non-drinkers and were twice as likely to get depression, according to a Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs study published on Tuesday… The study revealed those who were chronic drinks at a young age had three medical conditions in later life whereas those who weren't alcohol dependent had two.
On a depression scale, people who drank at a young age were twice as likely to get depression and the effects were seen among those who had been free of dependence symptoms for several decades.
For complete story




Teens binge on 17 drinks at a time study

Oct 24, 2016  by 21bethere

Sarah Wiedersehn - NZ Newswire on October 24, 2016, 10:31 am
Many Australian teens are consuming up to 17 alcoholic drinks at one time that often results in regrettable sexual encounters and loss of consciousness, new research has found.
A study of 16 to 19-year-olds representing the 25 per cent who drink the most among their peers has led to calls for greater action to help this vulnerable group of young Australians.
Conducted by researchers at Monash and Curtin Universities, the study found the heaviest-drinking teen boys, most of whom were either at university of still in school, consumed on average 17 standard drinks during their last big drinking session.
Teen girls drank around 14 standard alcoholic drinks.
Half of those surveyed for the study, published in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health journal, described this session as a 'normal get-together' 

For complete story go to   ...Read More



Sobering findings in alcohol study

Oct 11, 2016  by 21bethere

A new report by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) has found that while young adults are more likely than any other age group to drink at risky levels, they were the least likely to receive treatment for alcohol use.
It found instead that it was the older age groups who were more likely to receive treatment, with almost half (49 per cent) of clients receiving treatment for alcohol being aged in their forties.
Spokesperson for the AIHW, Tim Beard said the report, Trends in Alcohol Availability, Use and Treatment 2003-04 to 2014-15 revealed that overall, the use of alcohol treatment had increased to 30 treatment episodes per 10,000 people in 2013-14, up 20 per cent from a decade ago.
“While treatment for alcohol use had been consistently rising, alcohol consumption has fallen,” Mr Beard said.
“In 2013-14, consumption of alcohol was 9.7 litres per person, down from 10.8 litres in 2008-09.
“On the same note, the proportion of Australians who abstain from drinking alcohol has also risen in recent years, from 17 per cent in 2004 to 22 per cent in 2013.”

“Between 2004 and 2013 there was an 11 per cent fall in the rate of Australians drinking at risky levels on a single occasion (from 2,950 to 2,640 per 10,000 population), and a 13 per cent fall in those drinking at risky levels over their lifetime (from 2,080 to 1,820 per 10,000 population),” Mr Beard said. He said there had also been some positive trends in risky alcohol consumption.
“These results suggest strategies such as increasing the price of alcohol, restricting trading hours and reducing outlet density can have positive outcomes in reducing the overall consumption levels of alcohol.”
He said that while there were positive drinking patterns emerging overall, patterns of risky drinking and alcohol dependence continued to be significant issues in Australia, with less favourable patterns seen among some groups.
The 40-page report can be accessed from the AIHW website at




Why do poor people have more alcohol-related deaths than rich people?

Oct 2, 2016  by 21bethere
Walsh’s paper examines how drinking patterns, lifestyle factors, access to healthcare and social context play a role in why poorer people suffer greater harmful health effects of alcohol, even with lower average consumption.
“The disproportionate effect of alcohol consumption affecting populations of low socioeconomic status is unusual, given the normally positive relationship between exposure and consequence,” he explains.
“In lower socioeconomic groups, alcohol use is more polarised, with higher levels of both abstinence and binge drinking. Binge drinking has more destructive effects and negates the apparent cardio-protective benefits of moderate drinking.
“There is also a multiplicative effect between alcohol and cigarette smoking. With mouth and throat cancer, for example, it has been found that its prevalence is seven times greater with tobacco use and six times greater with alcohol use—but thirty-eight times greater for those using both tobacco and alcohol.”
For Copy of Essay go to!  




Strong alcohol policies can help prevent suicide

Sep 22, 2016  by 21bethere

2016 – Research Society on Alcoholism
Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death in the United States in 2013. There is clear evidence that intoxication and chronic, heavy drinking are often associated with suicide. While alcohol policies are known to be effective in reducing excessive drinking, this review undertakes a critical look at the literature on the relationship between alcohol policies and suicide. For complete article  




Drinking to belong: Students and low self-esteem

Sep 15, 2016  by 21bethere

September 2016
It's that time of year again, when students old and new are heading to university. Certain behaviors might be expected in the coming months, drinking in particular. Drinking is widespread among student populations, whether for social enrichment or the need to conform. However, many college students experience the darker side of binge drinking; violence, unsafe sex or poor academic performance. Hamilton & DeHart's new research in Self and Identity examines motivations for drinking in students with low self-esteem, finding that these individuals indulge far more than their more confident peers.
Hamilton & DeHart carried out a friendship threat manipulation on 195 students, all of whom had their levels of self-esteem, explicit and implicit, evaluated. They were asked to think about their best friend and what aspects of themselves they kept secret from said friend. Both groups were then shown bogus articles, the first on how secrets between friends cause conflict and a second control group on the secret aspects of selves which bear no relationship to friendships. All participants were questioned the following night on how many drinks they had consumed with other friends - not their best friend - after the test.
Read More




The health impacts of alcohol

Sep 13, 2016  by 21bethere

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the harmful use of alcohol results in 3.3 million deaths every year, representing 5.9% of all deaths, and it is a causal factor in more than 200 disease and injury conditions. Overall 5.1% of the global burden of disease and injury is attributable to alcohol, as measured in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Alcohol consumption causes death and disability relatively early in life. In the age group 20 – 39 years approximately 25% of the total deaths are alcohol-attributable. There are gender differences in alcohol-related mortality, morbidity, as well as levels and patterns of alcohol consumption. The percentage of alcohol-attributable deaths among men amount to 7.6% of all global deaths compared to 4.0 % of all deaths among women.” For full report go to  




A map of the world according to who binge drinks the most

Aug 30, 2016  by 21bethere

Posted a month ago by Louis Doré in news
Picture: Daniel Berehulak/Getty
It turns out the kids might not be partying like it's 1999 anymore.
Research by YouGov this week compared younger generations in the UK favourably with counterparts in Germany and the US for binge drinking.
In all of these countries, hard drinking is decreasing in young people.
In 2014, a report by the World Health Organisation found that the UK was the 13th highest country of 196 for heavy drinking as the below chart by Statista shows.
For rest of article go to..  




Differences between abstinent and non-abstinent individuals in recovery from alcohol use disorders.

Aug 25, 2016  by 21bethere

Non-abstinent goals can improve quality of life (QOL) among individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs). However, prior studies have defined "recovery" based on DSM criteria, and thus may have excluded individuals using non-abstinent techniques that do not involve reduced drinking. Furthermore, no prior study has considered length of time in recovery when comparing QOL between abstinent and non-abstinent individuals. The current aims are to identify correlates of non-abstinent recovery and examine differences in QOL between abstainers and non-abstainers accounting for length of time in recovery.
Non-abstainers are younger with less time in recovery and less problem severity but worse QOL than abstainers. Clinically, individuals considering non-abstinent goals should be aware that abstinence may be best for optimal QOL in the long run. Furthermore, time in recovery should be accounted for when examining correlates of recovery.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
For complete report briefing go to   ...Read More



Implement strict controls… direct and indirect advertising of alcoholic beverages and ensure that no form of advertising is specifically addressed to young people, for instance, through the linking of alcohol to sports.

Jul 18, 2016  by 21bethere

(World Health Organisation European Charter on Alcohol strategies for alcohol action 1995)
When does alcohol sponsorship of sport become sports sponsorship of alcohol?
“Following Formula One’s sponsorship deal with Heineken, Eurocare vice-president Lauri Beekmann speculates over the real benefits to the funding of national and global sports for the major alcohol industry players
We expect anything from the drinks industry, what they do is in the interest of their business, that’s why the letter was sent to the F1 management. The ball is in the court of sports leaders and national and international policy makers. They have to understand that when it comes to alcohol, sponsorship money is not only about sports but about alcohol policy that has these same goals everywhere: to reduce alcohol related harm, overall consumption levels and youth exposure to alcohol. They may say and think that they can’t solve alcohol problems and deal with alcohol policy issues, that they are just there for their sports. But if they accept alcohol money, they are part of the problem. They must ask themselves, when does alcohol sponsorship of sport become sports sponsorship of alcohol?
A good example comes from Australia where 12 sporting organisations have agreed to end all existing and future alcohol sponsorship agreements. In exchange, the groups will share $25 million in replacement government funding taken from new alcopops tax revenues. As a sports fan I agree that other measures have to be found to replace the alcohol money. A simple ban could leave some sports without necessary support. But as the Australian case shows, it´s possible.
Heineken's generous F1 sponsorship attempts to present that they are irreplaceable. Big Tobacco tried this before, but lost the battle. Nick Fry, Former CEO of Mercedes AMG Petronas Formula One Team said about losing the tobacco sponsorship: “While tobacco companies were generous partners of Formula 1 for nearly four decades, the reality is that a large number of companies did not want to be associated with a team with tobacco logos on the car and indeed some didn't want to be associated with the sport, which was very tobacco oriented. This really has opened up a whole new door.”
For complete article go to…   ...Read More



New study shows a generational shift toward lighter drinking in Australia

Jul 6, 2016  by 21bethere

Alcohol consumption in Australia has declined steadily during the past decade, with per capita consumption in 2013-14 reaching its lowest level since the early 1960s. A new study published by the scientific journal Addiction shows that the overall decline in drinking is due mainly to less drinking among people in their teens and early twenties.
A study led by Dr Michael Livingston of Australia's Centre for Alcohol Policy Research at La Trobe University analysed the drinking habits of 124,440 Australians aged 14 to 79 years, surveyed over 18 years. The results show that recent declines in per-capita consumption appear to be driven by two major changes: (1) the ageing of heavier drinking cohorts into lighter drinking stages of the life-course and (2) sharp reductions in drinking among recently born cohorts.
For complete article go to…  




Better parenting has led to decline in underage drinking, report finds

Jul 1, 2016  by 21bethere

Underage drinking has fallen substantially over the past 10 years. Photograph: Alamy
Sarah BoseleyHealth editor
Friday 1 July 2016 09.01 AESTLast modified on Friday 1 July 201609.46 AEST
Better parenting is one of the main reasons for a big drop in underage drinking, according to a leading alcohol charity.
The Institute of Alcohol Studies says today’s parents are less likely to drink in front of their children, more likely to disapprove of them drinking and more likely to know where they are and what they are doing. In recent years, parents have also had warmer relationships with their children, the charity claims. All of this tends to influence young people under the age of 16 not to try alcohol, it says.
Underage drinking has fallen substantially over the past 10 years. In 2003, 61% of 11- to 15-year-olds in England had tried alcohol. The most recent available data shows that by 2014 this had fallen to 38%.
In an attempt to understand why this might be and discourage more children from taking to drink, the institute investigated a number of theories – one of which is that young people are turning their backs on alcohol in a backlash against their parents, as Saffy in the comedy TV series and now film Absolutely Fabulous rejects the champagne-fuelled lifestyle of her mother.
Read more     




Alcohol was there, always: Elspeth Muir on her brothers death and Australias drinking culture

Jun 29, 2016  by 21bethere

After her 21-year-old brother jumped drunk into a river and drowned, the Brisbane writer reflects on a destructive force that Australia isn’t talking about…Elspeth Muir with her brother Alexander, who died at 21 after drinking too much and jumping into the Brisbane river. Muir’s memoir explores her own culpability in excusing the drinking culture that led to Alexander’s death.
Elspeth Muir’s brother Alexander jumped into Brisbane river weeks after turning 21. When they pulled his body out of the water three days later, his blood-alcohol content measured almost .25.
“My brother died because he was drunk,” Muir wrote in her memoir Wasted: A Story of Alcohol, Grief and a Death in Brisbane, “and because the drink made him stupid”…Since the age of 13, Alexander had been binge drinking – and getting into trouble for it. Muir recalls more than one occasion when she had to evade police questions regarding the whereabouts of her teenage brother.
For  complete article go to…  




Parents risky drinking encourages teens

Jun 21, 2016  by 21bethere

Risky drinking is defined as parents having five or more drinks on any occasion, at least two or three times a month. The study did not consider if the teens, aged 14 to 16, actually had to witness their parents' drinking.
And mothers seemed more influential. A quarter of teens whose mums drank at risky levels had sampled alcohol, compared with almost one in five teens whose fathers drank in the same way. About 16 per cent of children whose parents did drink not heavily, had tried alcohol.
While the research didn't show young teens were drinking in excess, it did show their friends were influential. Only 5 per cent of teens who had no friends who drank alcohol, had sampled it. But if they had at least one friend who drank, this rose to 40 per cent.
Complete article go to      ...Read More



Drinking during early to mid-adolescence can lead to vulnerability to chronic stress

May 25, 2016  by 21bethere

Drinking during early to mid-adolescence can lead to vulnerability to chronic stress, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.

A research team led by Linda Spear, distinguished professor of psychology at Binghamton University, gave alcohol to rats every other day, starting from early to mid-adolescence. When the team looked at the same rats in adulthood, they found that adult males didn't show hormonal stress adaptation, making them more vulnerable to chronic stress.
"Stress hormones are released when you get anxious or are in a stressful circumstance," said Spear. "The classic stress hormone is cortisol in humans; it's corticosterone in rats. When you expose the animals to a stressor, the first time they show a large hormone stress response. However, this hormonal response normally adapts over time, such that less hormone is released following repeated exposure to a relatively mild stressor. And that's important, because cortisol or corticosterone helps you respond to an emergency. But it's bad to have elevated levels in the long term, because sustained elevations in these levels of these hormones have adverse effects on a lot of body systems. So cortisol is needed for emergencies, but you don't want it elevated all the time. And what we found is that following adolescent alcohol exposure, adults don't show that hormonal stress adaptation. They don't adapt to the chronic stressor, which suggests that they may be more vulnerable later to chronic stress."
For complete article go to  




Raising the legal drinking age

May 5, 2016  by 21bethere





New Research Finds Laws that Effectively Reduce Underage Drinking Fatalities (MLDA Laws)

Apr 12, 2016  by 21bethere

New research reveals that nine laws designed to reduce underage drinking have been instrumental in saving more than 1,100 lives each year in the states that have adopted them, and that an additional 210 lives could be saved annually if they were adopted in every state, Medical News Today reports.
While all 50 states have adopted a minimum legal drinking age of 21, a large number of states have adopted expanded underage drinking laws. Those additional laws were the focus of research done by a team at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation in Calverton, Maryland. The results were published in the March 2016 issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Of the 20 expanded underage drinking laws that were identified, nine were found to be particularly effective in reducing the number of fatal crashes involving underage drinking drivers:
·         possession of alcohol
·         purchase of alcohol
·         use alcohol and lose your license
·         zero tolerance .02 blood alcohol concentration limit for underage drivers
·         age of bartender 21 and older
·         state responsible beverage service program
·         fake identification support provisions for retailers
·         dram shop liability
·         and social host civil liability
The authors examined each law's strengths and weaknesses in terms of coverage, sanctions for violations, exceptions, and ease of enforcement. Results showed wide variability in the strength of each underage drinking law and in the number of states that have adopted them.
Lead author James Fell, now a principal research scientist at NORC at the University of Chicago, said their particular interest was in the nine laws that made a significant difference in the number of fatal crashes.
"We were surprised to find that half of the states have adopted 13 or fewer laws, that only five can be found in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, and that just one state, Utah, has adopted all 20," he said in a news release.
Assessing the Impact of Twenty Underage Drinking Laws
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 77(2), 249–260 (2016). 
James C. Fell, M.S.,a,* Michael Scherer, Ph.D.,a Sue Thomas, Ph.D.,a & Robert B. Voas, Ph.D.aAffiliations
aCalverton Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Calverton, Maryland
For complete paper go to  




Aust doctors want drinking age to rise

Apr 5, 2016  by 21bethere

A group of Australian doctors wants to see the legal drinking age increased to combat drunken violence.
In a submission to a senate inquiry into alcohol-fuelled violence, the Royal Australasian College of Physicians wants to see a new minimum purchase age for certain types of alcohol and for all takeaway alcohol…
For complete article go to  




What is Secondary Supply Law?

Mar 16, 2016  by 21bethere

What is Secondary Supply Law?
Why is secondary supply important?
Secondary supply is one way that young people obtain alcohol. Almost 40 per cent of underage drinkers get alcohol from their parents, and only 5 per cent buy it themselves. So a good deal (55%) of underage drinking occurs when minors obtain alcohol from a person who is not their parent, guardian or carer.1
The National Health and Medical Research Council's Australian alcohol guidelines suggest that for people under 18 years of age, not drinking alcohol is the safest option.
There have been a number of cases in Australia where a person has suffered injuries or died as a result of drinking too much alcohol after being supplied with it by an adult who was not their parent. Regulating private supply of alcohol aims to stop that happening by deterring adults from supplying alcohol to young people without approval from the young people's parents.
For Complete data go to Australian Drug Foundation  




The Conversation heats up this April at Deakin University Burwood

Mar 9, 2016  by 21bethere

The Conversation heats up this April at Deakin University Burwood!
Our 21 Be There National Conversation engages audiences from all demographics with seminars, presentations, discussions, and from time to time debates. These fun but robust events are great opportunities to hear different perspectives on the important issue of the Minimum Legal Drinking Age.
It still surprises us, at times, who and who isn’t up for a rethink on this key public health issue! Come along and check it out!
If you can make it, come to THE WORLD CAFÉ FORUM on Tuesday April 12th 2016 situated at Burwood Corporate Centre – Level 2 Building BC (see reception for room details on the day)  




Sober Just Sexy

Feb 8, 2016  by 21bethere

Sober Just Sexy !
Dry January is over, pay day is finally here, but not everyone in the UK is going to be hitting the bars hard, because there’s been an explosion in sobriety movements.
Going sober no longer resigns you to pints of cola or staying in. There are loads of new organisations, establishments, drink and even clothing brands looking to get in on the increasing number of people wanting to avoid the hard stuff - whether for a month or forever.
Which is great news! It’s never been easier it is for us to make clever, healthy choices whilst keeping our social life just as healthy and our drinks just as exciting.
If you’re tempted to try a new way of socialising, here’s our guide to the most exciting sober stuff around.
Seedlip - The world’s first non-alcoholic distilled spirit
Bottles of distilled spirits normally come with the words Gin, Vodka or Tequila stamped on them, so if you’ve had some horrific hangovers on the shots, Seedlip might be the alternative for you. Smokey, with clove and citrus tones this clear spirit has distillates of six botanicals – two barks, two spices and two citrus peels – all blended together without any alcohol or sugar. It’s perfect for a Virgin Expresso Martini or Dry Dirty Martini.
Dry Drinker - Interesting booze-free beers
If you’ve ever been the designated driver you may have tried a Becks Blue, the classic alcohol free beer that you can find in your average pub, but it’s hardly going to set your imagination on fire when the boozers are enjoying exotic and artisan beverages. Dry Drinker was founded by Stuart Elkington and Jon Bird who saw a gap in the market for a high quality low alcohol and alcohol free beers. Their tagline is “Sober Revolution” and while they both say they love nothing more than enjoying a non-alcoholic beer watching the football, going dry for them is definitely about being health conscious. You can buy mixed and single brand cases of beer from around the world including Super Rock, Erdinger and Jever Fun.
For complete article go to….!  




Their guidance makes it clear for the first time that there is no safe level of alcohol consumption

Feb 1, 2016  by 21bethere

Why ‘safe’ drinking really means no alcohol
The UK chief medical officers have just published updated alcohol consumption guidelines, following a two year, expert review of the scientific evidence.
Their guidance makes it clear for the first time that there is no “safe” level of alcohol consumption...
Any level of drinking raises the risk of developing a range of cancers including breast, bowel and mouth cancer. Although we have known that alcohol is a carcinogen (cancer causing substance) since the 1980s, the full extent of the link was not recognised in the previous recommended limits which were set out in 1995. There is also now no justification for recommending drinking on health grounds as previous evidence is likely to have over-estimated the protective effects of alcohol for the heart... Just because we don’t want to hear that something we enjoy carries health risks doesn’t alter the scientific evidence – there is no completely safe level of alcohol consumption. Imagine the public outrage if the government failed to inform people that a product which is cheap, widely available and constantly promoted also causes cancer, liver damage and cardiovascular disease.
Read more:     ...Read More



This mother drank while pregnant. Here’s what her daughter’s like at 43.

Jan 27, 2016  by 21bethere

This mother drank while pregnant. Here’s what her daughter’s like at 43.

Kathy Mitchell wants to share something with you. She's not proud of it, and it's not a behavior she hopes you'll emulate. It's just the truth: As a teen, Kathy drank alcohol while pregnant with her daughter, Karli. It was a perilous if unwitting mistake that has defined both of their lives….To Kathy, Karli's is simply a life snuffed of promise. "I adore my very sweet daughter," Kathy says. "She's a forever innocent child. But not a day goes by that I don't ask myself, 'What if? What if alcohol hadn't been a part of my life?' "
For complete story go to   ...Read More



The density of alcohol outlets and adolescent alcohol consumption: An Australian longitudinal analysis

Jan 21, 2016  by 21bethere

*          B. Rowland, , Tracy Evans-Whipp,  Sheryl Hemphill, Rachel Leunga,
M. Livingstond,  J.W. Toumbouroua



* Density of alcohol sales outlets in a given area provided a practical
measure of physical and social availability of alcohol.

* Higher levels on this measure predicted future increases in adolescent
alcohol use.

* There have been few previous longitudinal studies examining the
association between density of alcohol sales outlets and adolescent

* The study contributes to increasing evidence that the density of alcohol
sales outlets is a risk factor for adolescent alcohol use.



Higher density of alcohol outlets has been linked to increased levels of
adolescent alcohol-related behaviour. Research to date has been
cross-sectional. A longitudinal design using two waves of annual survey data
from the Australian arm of the International Youth Development Study was
used. The sample comprised 2835 individuals with average age at wave 2 of 14
years (SD=1.67; range=11-17 years). GSEM was used to examine how absolute
levels of alcohol outlet density was associated with student-reported
alcohol use one year later, while controlling for prior alcohol use, risk
factors at wave one and changes in density over the 2 years.

Adolescents' perception of alcohol availability and friends' alcohol use
were tested as potential mediators of the association between alcohol outlet
density and adolescent alcohol use. Elasticity modelling identified a 10%
increase in overall density at wave one was associated with an approximately
17% increase in odds of adolescent alcohol consumption at wave two. Living
in areas with a higher density of outlets was associated with a
statistically significant increase in the likelihood of adolescents
developing early age alcohol consumption.

For complete article go to ...  




The effects of random breath testing and lowering the minimum legal drinking age on traffic fatalities in Australian states.

Dec 23, 2015  by 21bethere

This study aims to apply time series analysis techniques to examine the effects of random breath testing (RBT) on three age-specific traffic fatalities in four Australian states while considering the effects of lowering the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA).

Long-term time series of age-specific traffic crash deaths in four Australian states were used to analyse the impact of RBT implementation while considering the population growth, increase in motor vehicle registrations and the effects of lowering the MLDA.

The results of intervention analysis indicate that RBT has substantially reduced traffic fatalities in all four states since it was introduced, particularly among the 17-year-olds to 20-year-olds and 21-year-olds to 30-year-olds. New South Wales received the biggest total net effect from RBT implementation on traffic deaths. By contrast, RBT produced only a modest reduction in traffic fatalities among 30-year-olds to 39-year-olds. Lowering the MLDA was associated with significant increases in traffic fatalities among 17-year-olds to 39-year-olds in Queensland and Western Australia.

Controlling for the declining trend in traffic fatalities, the effects of changes in the MLDA law, the implementation of RBT has generated a huge effect, preventing an estimated 5279 traffic crash deaths in four Australian states. This provides further evidence that the implementation of RBT and increases in the MLDA are effective policies for reducing traffic fatalities.

Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to  




Does the social context of early alcohol use affect risky drinking in adolescents? Prospective cohort study

Nov 18, 2015  by 21bethere

Does the social context of early alcohol use affect risky drinking in adolescents? Prospective cohort study

Louisa Degenhardt1234*, Helena Romaniuk256, Carolyn Coffey2, Wayne D. Hall78, Wendy Swift1, John B. Carlin35, Christina O’Loughlin2 and George C. Patton26
*Corresponding author: Louisa Degenhardt
There are limited longitudinal data on the associations between different social contexts of alcohol use and risky adolescent drinking.
Australian prospective longitudinal cohort of 1943 adolescents with 6 assessment waves at ages 14–17 years. Drinkers were asked where and how frequently they drank. Contexts were: at home with family, at home alone, at a party with friends, in a park/car, or at a bar/nightclub. The outcomes were prevalence and incidence of risky drinking (≥5 standard drinks (10g alcohol) on a day, past week) and very risky drinking (>20 standard drinks for males and >11 for females) in early (waves 1–2) and late (waves 3–6) adolescence.
Forty-four percent (95 % CI: 41-46 %) reported past-week risky drinking on at least one wave during adolescence (waves 1–6). Drinking at a party was the most common repeated drinking context in early adolescence (28 %, 95 % CI 26-30 %); 15 % reported drinking repeatedly (3+ times) with their family in early adolescence (95 % CI: 14-17 %). For all contexts (including drinking with family), drinking 3+ times in a given context was associated with increased the risk of risky drinking in later adolescence. These effects remained apparent after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g. for drinking with family, adjusted RR 1.9; 95 % CI: 1.5-2.4). Similar patterns were observed for very risky drinking.
Our results suggest that consumption with family does not protect against risky drinking. Furthermore, parents who wish to minimise high risk drinking by their adolescent children might also limit their children’s opportunities to consume alcohol in unsupervised settings.
Read more at   ...Read More



Adolescent Alcohol Activates Hippocampal Astrocytes in Adulthood

Nov 16, 2015  by 21bethere

NIAAA-supported researchers at the Duke University and Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Centers continue to refine our understanding of how repeated exposure to alcohol during adolescence causes long-lasting structural and functional abnormalities in the brain.  Earlier this year, Duke scientists led by Dr. Mary-Louise Risher looked at how alcohol affects the hippocampus, a region of the brain associated with memory and learning, by exposing adolescent rats to alcohol in a way that modeled the intermittent, high-dose alcohol use typically seen among adolescent humans.  They found that neurons in the adolescent hippocampus are vulnerable to alcohol-induced damage, with pathological changes that impair memory-related brain function into adulthood.  




Sunday afternoon cricket - National Television – A crowd shot appears on the screen and holds for quite a while, and the commentators ‘wax lyrical’ about kids enjoying the cricket…

Nov 16, 2015  by 21bethere

Sunday afternoon cricket - National Television – A crowd shot appears on the screen and holds for quite a while, and the commentators ‘wax lyrical’ about kids enjoying the cricket…
But check out the camera angle, the staging of the young people, the background they chose to use!  To quote the verbose sports commentator Bruce McAvaney - “Cleverrrrr!”
Is it an unabashed booze broadcasting binge by Channel 9  or just a brain fade? Hmmm, the sceptic in us sees a little too much choreography to be a simple brain fade! 
With pressure coming from many quarters to ban advertising of alcohol in both sport and media, the industry and their collaborators in cash flow conscription will engage surreptitious, and even blatant methods to achieve their promotional end. The alcohol industry knows (as do all product promoters) that if you’re going to be in business in 20 years’ time you NEED to market to kids.
“$130 million is the annual spend on alcohol industry advertising in Australia… $90 million annual alcohol sponsorship of sport in Australia.” 1
One policy change can not only militate against  this, but add even greater efficacy to other demand reduction policy drivers such as pricing and taxation, is raising the Minimum Legal Drinking Age back to 21. This measure will aid and abet policy makers, parents and promoters in better managing the push for early uptake of alcohol.
21 Be There Team.
    ...Read More



New Dutch healthy diet guidelines say dont drink alcohol at all Health

Nov 5, 2015  by 21bethere

The Dutch health council is recommending that people abstain from alcohol altogether or drink no more than one glass per day. Previously women are advised to drink no more than one glass and men two on a daily basis. The council has published new recommendations on ensuring a healthy diet and says more than one alcoholic drink raises the risk of strokes and various forms of cancer. The health benefits of drinking wine, for example, do not outweigh the negatives, the council says.

Read more at New Dutch healthy diet guidelines say don’t drink alcohol at all  




How adverts fuel underage drinking: Teenagers are FIVE times more likely to buy alcohol after seeing it promoted on TV

Oct 29, 2015  by 21bethere

How adverts fuel underage drinking: Teenagers are FIVE times more likely to buy alcohol after seeing it promoted on TV

'Strong link' between what under 18s saw on TV and alcohol consumption 
Study found young people are also influenced by magazine adverts and were 36 per cent more likely to drink alcohol if they read about it
Doctors: Alcohol abuse among the young is 'major public health problem' 

By DANIEL BATES FOR THE DAILY MAIL PUBLISHED: 04:37 EST, 23 October 2015 | UPDATED: 11:30 EST, 23 October 2015
Underage drinkers are more than five times more likely to buy alcohol after seeing it advertised on TV, a study has found.
Researchers discovered a strong link between what the under 18s saw on television and how they drank in the month afterwards.
They were also influenced by magazine adverts and were 36 per cent more likely to drink alcohol if they read about it.
The study said that alcohol abuse among the young is a ‘major public health problem’ that needs to be addressed.

Read more:   




Improving Social Norms Interventions: Rank-Framing Increases Excessive Alcohol Drinkers’ Information-Seeking (University Students)

Oct 29, 2015  by 21bethere

Key points From summary and commentary

"Social norm’ interventions aim to reduce consumption by telling heavy drinkers how their drinking compares to the norm, correcting overestimations of how much others drink. A randomised British trial among college students made this comparison in two ways: comparing against average drinking of same-sex students, or ranking (e.g., ‘More than 80% of other students’) against the same benchmark. Though relative to other types of messages the ranking comparison did not reduce drinking over the following month, it did stimulate requests to find out more about alcohol and how they can get help"
Students at two British universities were invited to join the study through email and university social media. Of the 146 who responded and completed baseline assessments, 101 were drinking excessively according to their answers to the three questions of the AUDIT-C screening questionnaire. Students were then randomly allocated to be sent one of four sets of four weekly messages containing one of the types of information described above. When comparisons were made, it was against the drinking of all 146 students, including those who did not screen as risky drinkers.
A month later 78 of the 101 heavy-drinking students responded to a follow-up assessment including questions about of their drinking in the previous week, and were offered the opportunity to seek further information in the form of expert recommendations on alcohol consumption, links to web sites about alcohol consumption, or contact details of services for people worried about their own or someone else’s drinking.

For complete Findings go to…  




UW research leads to new recommendation against drinking while pregnant

Oct 27, 2015  by 21bethere

SEATTLE – Research from the University of Washington's Fetal Alcohol Syndrome program helped lead to a new recommendation that no amount of alcohol should be considered safe during pregnancy. That recommendation came last week from the American Academy of Pediatrics.
"It just sounds ultra-conservative. But when it comes to alcohol I cannot stress enough if you have the ability to not drink at all during pregnancy, don't drink at all. It's just not worth the risk," said Dr. Susan Astley, a UW Professor of Epidemiology and Pediatrics.
UW doctors have been at the forefront of studying and diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. A chief resident first discovered the syndrome back in 1968 and the term Fetal Alcohol Syndrome was coined at UW Medical Center in 1973.
For decades, doctors and researchers like Astley have been studying the long term effects when moms drink while pregnant. Astley says when fetuses are exposed to alcohol it can alter their normal development. Symptoms of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome range from growth deficiencies or minor facial anomalies to structural or functional brain damage. Some children and teens have attention deficit or memory problems.  

For complete article go to…  




New beer behemoth a serious threat to global health and sustainable development

Oct 14, 2015  by 21bethere

Stockholm, Sweden -- Anheuser-Busch InBev and SABMiller, the two biggest beer producers in the world, have agreed on terms for a gigantic deal to merge both companies. The merger is set to create a beer behemoth responsible for one in three beers sold worldwide.
The final AB InBev offer is worth more than $110 billion. Key actor in the deal making and major profiteer is the tobacco industry giant Altria, which is SABMiller’s biggest shareholder, owning a 27% stake. Altria, the manufacturer of Marlboro cigarettes and formerly known as Philip Morris Companies, is predicted to receive seats on the board of directors of the new beer behemoth.
The Financial Times reports that if completed, the deal — including debt — would be the third largest M&A transaction in history, overtaking AOL’s purchase of Time Warner in 2000.
This deal has to be viewed as a major threat to global health and sustainable development
The merger marks another aggressive step by Big Alcohol to target emerging markets in Africa and Asia.

"The troika of two Big Alcohol giants plus the Big Tobacco giant Altria spells trouble for people in developing countries and for the newly adopted Agenda2030,” cautions Kristina Sperkova, President of IOGT International, the premier global network for evidence-based policy measures and community-based interventions to prevent and reduce alcohol harm.

"The track record of Big Tobacco is well documented and well know. And AB InBev and SABMiller have each similarly scary track records of unethical practices putting profit over Human Rights,” says Ms. Sperkova.
Alcohol kills 3.3 million people worldwide, every year.
For full IOGT article go to   ...Read More



Legal drinking age of 18 tied to high school dropout rate

Sep 29, 2015  by 21bethere

Piscataway, NJ - Although there have been calls to lower the legal drinking age from 21, a new study
raises the possibility that it could have the unintended effect of boosting the high school dropout
The report, published in the September issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, looked
back at high school dropout rates in the 1970s to mid-80s -- a time when many U.S. states lowered
the age at which young people could legally buy alcohol.
Researchers found that when the minimum drinking age was lowered to 18, high school dropout
rates rose by 4 to 13 percent, depending on the data source. Black and Hispanic students -- who
were already more vulnerable to dropping out -- appeared more affected than white students.
For complete article go to….  





Sep 24, 2015  by 21bethere

Turning Point logo
Two sides of the story: Research with Parents and Adolescents on the supply of alcohol 
Professor Sandra JonesAustralian Catholic University 

Date:     Thursday 29 October 2015
Venue:  142 Gertrude Street, Fitzroy
Time:    1:00pm – 2:00pm EST, Please allow time for parking, arrival 12:45pm

Professor Sandra Jones is an ARC Future Fellow and Director of the Centre for Health and Social Research (CHaSR) at the Australian Catholic University in Melbourne. For more than a decade Sandra has been conducting research into the influences on young people’s alcohol consumption, including alcohol advertising and marketing; and her ARC Future Fellowship is a four-year whole of community intervention to address social norms around underage drinking. Sandra’s career research funding exceeds $8 million; and she has published more than 150 refereed journal articles, six book chapters, and numerous policy-related monographs and reports. She is also a member of a range of policy and advocacy committees and professional organisations in Australia and overseas.

Research with children and adolescents consistently shows that kids get their alcohol from their parents. Research with parents consistently shows that parents don’t give their kids alcohol. Does that mean someone isn’t telling the truth?
This seminar will provide a summary of findings from a series of research projects we have conducted with parents that go some way to explaining the conflicting perspectives on parents’ provision of alcohol to their teenagers.
The parent studies include: a CATI survey (n=900); an online survey (n=104); focus groups (n=27); and a projective study (n=180). In combination the studies identified a nuanced interpretation of the ‘supply’ of alcohol (it doesn’t mean what you think it means); complex trade-offs between perceived risks and benefits of allowing adolescents to drink; powerful social norms (which concurrently encourage and discourage parents from providing alcohol); and a consistent ‘othering’ of problematic adolescent drinking and parental supply.


There is no cost to attend or view online the Talking Point's Seminar Series.
Registrations are essential. Please register here and select if you are attending in person or viewing online in real time.
Please register by 27 October 2015.

If you have any enquiries about the event please contact Ann Rosman on (03) 8413 8478




Pinkwashed alcohol products & promotions exposed in new study

Sep 23, 2015  by 21bethere

SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 14, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- 

A new study in the October issue of Addiction documents alcohol products promoted with pink ribbons, partnerships with breast cancer charities, and general terms such as "breast cancer research" or "cure."

Hundreds of brands promote products with breast cancer awareness ribbons, and when companies that make products that contribute to cancer do so, it is called pinkwashing. 

Ironically, pinkwashed alcohol brands contribute to cancer risk in the name of research, treatment, and/or prevention. 

Pinkwashed drinks extend the potential to increase sales of a carcinogen by linking an iconic charitable cause and entire populations of women, including young women who may already drink at higher levels.

"Pinkwashed alcohol products and promotions under the breast cancer awareness credo devalue and undermine the vital work of cancer charities," stated Sarah Mart, research director at Alcohol Justice and coauthor of the study. 

"As a public health standard, breast cancer awareness should be clearly separate from alcohol marketing."

For Full article go to   ...Read More



Victoria needs to lift it’s game!

Sep 16, 2015  by 21bethere


Downloaded information 17 August 2015 

Victoria is the only state in Australia where it is legal for an under 18 to drink alcohol in 

a licensed premise.


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, obtain, or be given alcohol on 

licensed premises. It is against the law for an under 18 to be on licensed premises unless with 

a parent or someone else responsible for them. 

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless you're with a parent 

or someone else responsible for you.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you can be fined, given a caution or warning.

•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol on private premises BUT if you’re 

having a party it’s a good idea to get permission from the parents of anyone who is under 18.

Drinking on licensed premises

 Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol.  These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

 If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, obtain, or be given alcohol on 

licensed premises.  It doesn’t matter if you are with your parent or guardian.  If you are 

caught, you can be:

•given a warning, a formal caution, or choose to go to court (which may fine you $750). 

The police decide which penalty to apply, but you can always choose to go to court instead.


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, obtain, or be given alcohol on 

licensed premises. If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless 

you’re with a parent. 

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law for you to buy alcohol. It’s also against the law to use 

a fake ID to try and buy alcohol or get into a pub, club or bar.

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless you’re with a 

parent, and even then you’re not allowed to drink.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you could be fined, given a caution or warning.

•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol supplied by your parents in a private 

home BUT your parents can get into trouble unless they get permission from the parents of 

anyone who is under 18.

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol. These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, obtain, or be given alcohol on 

licensed premises. It doesn’t matter if you are with your parent or guardian. If you are caught, 

you can be given a warning, a formal caution, fined on the spot ($220), or choose to go to 


The police decide which penalty to apply, but you can always choose to go to court instead.

Remember, it’s against the law for you to even be on licensed premises (say a pub, club or 

bar) unless you are under the care of a parent or responsible adult.


It is against the law for under 18s to drink on licensed premises 

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol.  These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to be on licensed premises unless you are 

with your parent or guardian. It’s also against the law for you to drink on licensed premises, 

even if you are with your parents. If you are caught, you can be: 

•given a warning or sent to a Youth Justice Conference; or

•be fined $298 on the spot by the police; or

•choose to go to court (which may fine you $2,980).


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink or have alcohol on licensed 

premises. If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless you’re 

with a parent. 

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law for you to buy alcohol. It’s also against the law to use 

a fake ID to try and buy alcohol or get into a pub, club or bar.

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless you’re with a 

parent, and even then you can’t drink.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you could be fined, given a caution or warning.

•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol supplied by your parents in a private 

home BUT if you’re having a party and serving alcohol to under 18s, you generally need 

permission from people’s parents.

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol. These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink or have alcohol on licensed 

premises. It doesn’t matter if you are with your parent or guardian. If you are caught, you can 


•given a warning;

•given a formal caution; 

•fined on the spot ($341); or

•choose to go to court. 

The police decide which penalty to apply, but you can always choose to go to court instead.

You are breaking the law just by being on licensed premises (like in a pub, club or bar) if you 

are under 18, unless:

•  you are with a responsible adult (like a parent or guardian); or

•  you are eating a meal.

You can be fined $341 on the spot by the police if you are caught.


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, get, or be given alcohol while you 

are on licensed premises. If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises 

unless you’re with a parent. 

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law for you to buy alcohol. It’s also against the law to use 

a fake ID to try and buy alcohol or get into a pub, club or bar.

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless you’re with a 

parent, and even then you can’t drink.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you could be fined, given an informal caution or a formal 


•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol in a private home BUT if you’re 

having a party it’s a good idea to get permission from people’s parents if you are serving 

alcohol anyone under 18.

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol. These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to even be on licensed premises:

•with an entertainment venue licence between 9pm and 5am of the next day.

•be on any other licensed premises between midnight and 5am (except for example, in a 

dining room) if liquor may be sold in the area at that time.

If you are under 18, it’s also against the law for you to drink, get, or be given alcohol while 

you are there. It doesn’t matter if you are with your parent or guardian. You can be given a 

warning, caution, or sent to Youth Court if you have been caught before.


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, have, or be given alcohol in these 

places, even if you’re with your parents. You’re also not allowed to even be there unless it’s a 

specially signposted area and you’re either having a meal or with your parents.

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law for you to buy alcohol. It’s also against the law to use 

a fake ID to try and buy alcohol or get into a pub, club or bar.

•If you’re under 18, it’s generally against the law to be on licensed premises.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you could be fined, given a caution or warning.

•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol supplied by your parents in a private 

home BUT if you’re having a party and serving alcohol to under 18’s, you need permission 

from people’s parents.

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol. These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, have, or be given alcohol in these 

places, even if you’re with your parents. You’re also not allowed to even be there unless it’s a 

specially signposted area and you’re either having a meal or with your parents. If you are 

caught, you can be:

•given a warning, a formal caution, or choose to go to court (where you may be fined up to 

$1,400 if convicted).

It is up to the police whether to give you a warning or caution.


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, buy, or be given alcohol on licensed 

premises, unless you are drinking while having a meal; and you are with your parent, 

guardian or husband or wife (who is at least 18). 

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law for you to buy alcohol. It’s also against the law to use 

a fake ID to try and buy alcohol or get into a pub, club or bar.

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to even be on licensed premises unless you’re with a 

parent or having a meal.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you could be fined, given a caution or warning. 

•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol supplied by your parents in a private 

home BUT if you’re having a party and serving alcohol to under 18s, you need permission 

from people’s parents.

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol. These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and most restaurants 

(including BYO restaurants where people bring their own alcohol).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, buy, or be given alcohol on licensed 

premises, unless:

•you are drinking while having a meal; and

•you are with your parent, guardian or husband or wife (who is at least 18).

 It’s also against the law for you to even be on licensed premises unless:

•you’re having a meal; or

•you’re with a parent, guardian or husband or wife (who is at least 18); or

•if you’re at a restaurant/café with a liquor licence and it’s between 7am and 11pm Monday 

to Saturday or between 10am and 11pm on Sundays. 

Otherwise, if you are caught, you can be:

? given a warning, a formal caution, 

? fined on the spot ($73.80),

? or choose to go to court.

The police decide which penalty to apply, but you can always choose to go to court instead. 

The alcohol can also be confiscated by the police.


If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, get, or be given alcohol on licensed 

premises. It doesn’t matter if you are with your parent or guardian. If you’re under 18, it’s 

against the law to be on licensed premises unless you’re with a parent. 

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law for you to buy alcohol. It’s also against the law to use 

a fake ID to try and buy alcohol or get into a pub, club or bar.

•If you’re under 18, it’s against the law to be on licensed premises unless you’re with a 

parent, and even then you’re not allowed to drink.

•If you’re caught breaking the law, you can be fined, given a caution or warning.

•There are no laws that make it a crime to drink alcohol on private premises BUT if you’re 

having a party it’s a good idea to get permission from the parents of anyone who is under 18.

Drinking on licensed premises

Licensed premises are public places that have been given a license by the government to sell 

or serve alcohol. These include bottle shops, pubs, bars, clubs, and some restaurants (called 

licensed restaurants).

If you are under 18, it is against the law for you to drink, get, or be given alcohol on licensed 

premises. It doesn’t matter if you are with your parent or guardian. If you are caught, you can 


•get warning, a formal caution from the police; or

•get a $200 fine on the spot from police; or

•choose to have the matter decided by a court (which may fine you up to $2,000 if you are 


The police decide which penalty to apply, but you can always choose to go to court instead.

Remember, it’s also against the law for you to even be on licensed premises (say a pub, club 

or bar) unless you are under the care of a parent or responsible adult or you’re having a meal, 

or if it’s a licensed restaurant and you are there to have a meal.   ...Read More



Potential role of adolescent alcohol exposure-induced amygdaloid histone modifications in anxiety and alcohol intake during adulthood

Jul 5, 2015  by 21bethere

AIE also induced anxiety-like behaviors and enhanced ethanol intake in adulthood, which was attenuated by TSA treatment via normalization of deficits in histone H3 acetylation of BDNF and Arc genes. These novel results indicate that AIE induces long-lasting effects on histone modifications and deficits in synaptic events in the amygdala, which are associated with anxiety-like and alcohol drinking behaviors in adulthood.  




Alcohol-related injuries in young women skyrocket, study finds

Jun 23, 2015  by 21bethere

The number of women presenting at emergency departments with alcohol-related injuries is increasing at an alarming rate, a new national study has found.
Between 2005 and 2012 the number of women who arrived at hospital with these kind of injuries increased by 44 per cent compared to 30 percent for men.
The sharpest rise in these presentations was in girls aged 15 to 19, which increased by more than 60 per cent from 4.6 per 1000 presentations to 7.5 per 1000.
For complete article go to
© SMH: Nicky Phillips - Science Editor   ...Read More



Top doctors call for drinking age to raise to 20

May 19, 2015  by 21bethere

Top New Zealand doctors are calling for the drinking age to be raised to 20 and booze sponsorship banned from public events in a push to reduce alcohol-related harm.
The New Zealand Medical Association released its Reducing Alcohol-Related Harm policy briefing today.
Read more…  Go to NEW ZEALAND HERALD @  




Magistrate wants booze tax to tackle domestic violence

May 3, 2015  by 21bethere

A MAGISTRATE says government taxes on alcohol should be put towards funding anti-domestic violence programs, even if it means increasing booze prices.

Kingaroy magistrate Simon Young said domestic violence in some Queensland communities was 100 per cent ­alcohol-related, while in others it might be a “still significant” 30 per cent. Mr Young said it was dis­appointing that a Special Taskforce into Domestic and Family Violence report downplayed the role of alcohol in the commission of domestic violence.

21 Be There Comment: Sure, no doubt  such a move will help raise money to fund the damage already done - A consumption tax on luxury items (particularly those psychotropic toxins of a carcinogenic nature) is always a smart option, but demand drivers still need to be addressed.
One of the biggest drivers for acute episodic drinking, as well as a significant contributor to chronic long term alcohol use, is early uptake. 

Raising the Minimum Legal Drinking Age to 21 will be an effective pre-emptive 'strike' on this demand driver!   




Binge drinking as a teenager can damage the brain for LIFE

Apr 30, 2015  by 21bethere

Binge drinking as a teenager can damage the brain for LIFE: Alcohol triggers changes to the regions affecting memory and learning

·        Alcohol exposure in adolescence can cause enduring abnormalities

·        Can have detrimental effect on a person's memory and ability to learn

·        And scientists warn binge drinking could also slow emotional maturity

By LIZZIE PARRY FOR MAILONLINE  PUBLISHED: 02:03 EST, 28 April 2015 | UPDATED: 08:49 EST, 28 April 2015

Read more:   

“The study, published April 27 in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, provides new insights at the cellular level for how alcohol exposure during adolescence, before the brain is fully developed, can result in cellular and synaptic abnormalities that have enduring, detrimental effects on behavior.

"In the eyes of the law, once people reach the age of 18, they are considered adult, but the brain continues to mature and refine all the way into the mid-20s," said lead author Mary-Louise Risher, Ph.D., a post-doctoral researcher in the Duke Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. "It's important for young people to know that when they drink heavily during this period of development, there could be changes occurring that have a lasting impact on memory and other cognitive functions.":   ...Read More



Peeling Back the Label on Branding Booze to Youth

Apr 22, 2015  by 21bethere

Responses to an on-line “Alcohol Ads and You” survey by more than 2,300 children and young people in the UK and Wales, show that overall, under 18’s are not fully aware that some forms of ‘below the line’ alcohol promotion are in fact advertising the use of alcohol. For example,
•         Only 48.6% recognised that joining a Facebook group for an alcohol product was marketing alcohol
•         Only 50.4% recognised sponsorship of sports team shirts as alcohol marketing (note: young people who own alcohol merchandise such as T-shirts and baseball caps are 1.5 times more likely to try drinking alcohol than those who don’t)
•         Only 48.3% recognised a festival named after a product as alcohol marketing
•         Only 51% recognised a piece of alcohol product merchandise as alcohol marketing
•         Only 43.4% recognised brand ambassadors (people paid to promote brands at events) as alcohol marketing. 1
Big Bucks Being Spent on Booze Branding!
·         $130 million is the annual spend on alcohol industry advertising in Australia…
·         $90 million annual alcohol sponsorship of sport in Australia.2
The games being played!
“However, the internal planning documents for the campaign state categorically that “Carling celebrates, initiates and promotes the togetherness of the pack, their passions and their pint because Carling understands that things are better together”.
They go on to specify “Three Aspects of ‘Belonging’”…
·         Initiation: Expressions of the moment when an individual joins a group and finds a happy home in the pack – The Moment of Belonging.
·         Celebration: An expression of the sheer joy of belonging – The Joy of Belonging.
·         Contagion: An expression of the magnetic power of the group – The Power of Belonging”.
The documents proceed to emphasise the importance of advertising in getting these themes across: “Broadly speaking each piece of communication will either; celebrate ‘Join Us’, by championing the benefit of togetherness, or facilitate ‘Join Us’, by providing and enhancing experiences where togetherness is key”. 3
DRR Alcohol Advertising and Young PDF  

1 Overexposed and overlooked: Young people’s views on the regulation of alcohol promotion  Published by Alcohol Concern, 64 Leman Street, London E1 8EU
2  ‘Community Hangover’ Seminars Nathan Hawkins, Director ADRA (Ph D Candidate University Newcastle) AHA Conference Aug 2012
3 Memorandum by Professor Gerard Hastings, Institute for Social Marketing, University of Stirling & the Open University (AL 81) “They’ll Drink Bucket Loads of the Stuff” An Analysis of Internal Alcohol Industry Advertising Documents pp1-2   ...Read More



Long-term effects of minimum legal drinking age laws on marijuana and other illicit drug use in adulthood.

Apr 12, 2015  by 21bethere

Krauss MJ1, Cavazos-Rehg PA2, Agrawal A3, Bierut LJ2, Grucza RA2.
Exposure to permissive minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) laws (ability to purchase alcohol <21 years) during adolescence can have long-term effects, including heavy alcohol use or alcohol use disorders as adults. We examined whether exposure to permissive MLDA laws during adolescence has long-term effects on illicit drug use and disorders in adulthood.
Participants from the 2004-2012 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) were linked with historical state MLDA laws. Participants born in 1949-1972 (age 31-63 years at observation, n=110,300) were analyzed because they came of legal age for alcohol purchase when changes occurred in state MLDA laws. Logistic regression was used to model drug use measures as a function of exposure to permissive MLDA during adolescence, adjusting for state and birth-year fixed effects, demographics, and salient state characteristics.
Rates of past month use, past year use, and abuse/dependence of marijuana were 4.7%, 7.8%, and 1.2%, respectively. Rates of past month use, past year use, and abuse/dependence of illicit drugs other than marijuana were 2.9%, 6.2%, and 0.7%, respectively. Among the full sample, exposure to permissive MLDA laws was not significantly associated with drug use or abuse/dependence in adulthood. Men exposed to permissive MLDA laws were at 20% increased odds of past year illicit drug use (aOR 1.20, 95% CI 1.09-1.32).
Restricting alcohol access during adolescence did not increase long-term drug use. Allowing the purchase of alcohol among those less than 21 years of age could increase the risk of drug use later in life.
For Full paper go to….    




An interesting video on problems non-drinkers face...

Apr 7, 2015  by 21bethere





Raising the legal drinking age - A strategy worthy of consideration

Mar 17, 2015  by 21bethere

The latest research paper by FARE (The hidden harm: Alcohol’s impact on children and families) 

reports that over 1 million children in Australia are negatively affected by someone else’s alcohol 

consumption.1 Realising that the overall alcohol consumption levels in Australia has not increased 

significantly over the last 20 years, it is then quite alarming that the various harms associated with 

alcohol consumption has increased.  In Victoria between 2000 and 2008 alcohol-involved ambulance 

presentations increased by some 167% .2 It is time for the Federal Government to take a serious look 

at cost effective measures to reduce alcohol harm in this nation.  Research has provided the answer 

to this question now for many years and the best measures include: Standardising alcohol taxation, 

restricting alcohol advertising, restriction hours of opening similar to the successful policy in NSW 

and increasing the drinking age to 21.  

The research is quite clear on the question of raising the drinking age and points to significant 

increases in health and significant decreases in harms for both individuals and the community.  

When governments at both State and Commonwealth levels are struggling with tough budget 

decisions, reducing overall alcohol harms will produce significant costs savings as well as reducing 

the demands of our hospitals. The Newcastle experiment when the earlier closing hours was 

introduced proved that strategic policy changes can be extremely cost effective and have significant 

- up to 80% - reductions in alcohol-fuelled street violence. I am suggesting that raising the drinking 

age to 21 is another strategy where this policy will bring about immediate reductions in alcohol 

related harm in the 18- 21 year olds.  

Some of the immediate benefits would be a reduction in binge drinking, motor vehicle accidents 

associated with alcohol, suicides, street violence as well as an improvement in the overall long term 

health prospects for this population.  The argument is whether any government will have the 

political will to introduce a significant health policy that is opposed by the demographic it seeks to 

support. The majority of Australians appear to be in favour of this measure, as young people are 

considered our greatest asset.  Furthermore, as a community, we all need to do whatever we can to 

ensure young people have the opportunity to grow and mature in a safe nurturing environment. 

Dennis Young – CEO, Drug Arm, QLD

1. The hidden harm: Alcohol’s impact on children and families FARE 2015 

2. Diverging trends in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm in Victoria. ANZ Journal of 

Public Health 2010  




Game Changer

Jan 20, 2015  by 21bethere

It is with pleasure that I write this blog and express my journey with alcohol.

My name is Aaron Schultz. I am 43 years old father of two boys and live in Hobart Tasmania.

It has only been of recent times that I have felt comfortable talking about my experience with alcohol largely due to the cultural influence it has on our nation. I would like to share my story with you from where it all began until now.

I was born and raised in a country town in Western Victoria called Horsham. I am the only child of parents who brought me into this world in their 40’s, something that was relatively unheard of in those days. My father was a painter at the local hospital and my mother was a home mum after spending many years working as a seamstress.

At the age of three I had a fall in the backyard and subsequently developed a tumor on the brain which resulted in me spending four months in Melbourne’s Alfred Hospital to have it removed and recover. This was a major operation in those days and I still sport a huge scar from the bottom to the top at the back of my head. Thankfully I made a full recovery and have experienced no real issues since.

My journey with alcohol started at the age of 14. After watching my parents drink daily for most of my life I went to my best friend’s birthday party, also 14 where his parents supplied alcohol. Another friend and I decided that we would go to the local hotel and purchase a bottle of Rum. We did this and had no problem being served. When we returned to the party I blacked out and had to be taken home in a wheelbarrow. I have no recollection of this. The next morning instead of being disciplined I was laughed at by my Father.

As a young person I had a burning desire to become an actor. I loved TV, theatre and all that went along with it. Unfortunately my parents, nor did my school share my dream and I subsequently fell into the local booze scene. I remember clearly trying to find something to cling on to however there was no such option available and my slide continued.

At a family friends 21st birthday party I got drunk with my Mother, I was aged 15 at the time. Pretty much every weekend from there on in was revolving around drinking. My local Cricket club, where I spent much of my youth was reliant on alcohol and bringing young consumers in was not an issue, as long as we had our parents consent.

My schooling fell by the wayside and I took a job in retail at a local automotive store. After 12 months I relocated to Melbourne to work with the same business and lived with some friends who also moved from Horsham. We drank heavily and after a while I got a bit tired of carrying these guys as my income was greater so I moved out. By this time I was fully dependant on alcohol and had numerous attempts to try and stop, unsuccessfully. I just accepted that this was the way life was so I continued on my merry way.

I changed employers and was transferred to Shepparton where I lived with my cousin, who was and still is a very heavy drinker. Cards nights were a nightly activity and we typically stayed up until 5am, drinking and playing cards, before having a couple of hours sleep and heading to work. I actually learnt a lot through this period and found some maturity as the guys I was associating with were successful businessmen who taught be much through their ways, but also these guys were very alcohol dependant.

Another opportunity came up to transfer with the same company back to Horsham. I wanted to be closer to my parents so I decided I would move back. After enjoying the first 6 months back there I met a girl whom I fell in love with and wanted to settle down. Unfortunately she was also a heavy drinker and loved going out so I found myself back in the pub and nightclub scene. I remember having such a strong desire to clean myself up however had nowhere to turn. The two options for assistance were alcoholics anonymous and a local rehab centre called Palm Lodge. Given the stereotype and stigma I would have copped from the community to sinking to such levels I reluctantly didn’t seek assistance, again continuing on my merry way. Not long after I was caught drink driving with a reading of 2.2, four times over the legal limit and lost my license for 2 years. Other than the shame I received from the court case being publicised in the local

paper, my habits didn’t change. I was hanging around the wrong types who were dragging me down.

I enrolled in a 12 month course in community services and picked up a job at an institution for the mentally ill in Stawell working a four on, four off roster. Thankfully my father drove me to work each day and picked me up. I learnt a lot while here however being such a stressful environment almost everyone employed there drank heavily. Once Saturday night before I was due to work the next day I had a big one and rang in sick. I was sacked by my manager on the Monday.

I really struggled to find employment for a while after this. I worked with a local community care provider with disadvantaged kids however wasn’t mature enough at the time to give it my best. After a while I was offered a role with health and human services and returned to Shepparton.

I enjoyed my time there for a while however found myself hanging around with the drinking crowd again, and again was caught for drink driving, this time reading 2.1 and losing my license for 4 years. I had not learnt my lesson.

After seeing my peers drink and drive as a child I thought nothing of it. I am extremely thankful that these occurrences did not lead to injury to myself or others, as they could of easily have.

Not long after I thankfully met my wife and started to settle down. Her employer had regular Friday night drinks and outings in which I found myself being the last to leave. I dreaded these nights however once there made the most of it. Deep down, as I had for many years I wanted to clean myself up however did not have a clue to go about it.

After spending 10 years back in Shepparton my employer offered me a role in Tasmania, this was in 2003.

The major life changing event came for me when in 2009, very stressed and at my whit’s end due to the pressure of my work and my drinking I visited a GP. Luckily I got a good one. He told me there are two things you can do, I can give you pills or

you can exercise. Thankfully I chose the latter and began to rebuild my life, at age 38.

It has now been almost 5 years since that life changing moment. I have never looked back and have learnt and developed so much as a person, physically, mentally and now spiritually through meditation. These skills have been hard earned and I have pushed myself very hard to continually improve. I believe if the drinking age had of been 21 it would have delayed my drinking and I would have enjoyed much more of my youth without alcohol.

When I look back the influences to drink I had growing up were profound and I wish to do what I can to help others avoid alcohol or change their lives. Running a campaign like Game Changer has opened my eyes to a world that is concerned about economics rather that the health and well being of individuals, something that I am passionate about working to change in the future. I believe if the drinking age had of been 21 it would have delayed me starting drinking and I would have enjoyed much more of my youth without alcohol.

I hope that my story can assist you in some way. We have only one life and I am convinced it is best lived without alcohol or other stimulants. Having a clear mind and a clean blood stream is everyone’s right and we need to do what we can to help ourselves and others reach their full potential.

If only my Father hadn’t laughed at me at that critical time all those years ago. 

   ...Read More



Call to lift drinking age worth testing

Oct 20, 2014  by 21bethere

A WA public health expert says a national trial of a legal drinking age of 21 could help show whether it reduces harm such as drunken behaviour and is acceptable to the community.

Curtin University professor of health policy Mike Daube gave guarded support yesterday to a call by Australian of the Year Ita Buttrose to have such a trial, arguing it was a debate that Australia needed to have.

Earlier this week, Ms Buttrose called for a shift in attitudes to alcohol, including voluntarily restricting it to meal times and considering a legal drinking age of 21.

She said Australia should have a trial to see if there were any benefits and examine what happened in other countries such as the US where the legal drinking age in some States was 21.

The issue of lifting Australia's drinking age from 18 has been regularly raised by health experts, with Australian Medical Association president Steve Hambleton calling for it to be raised to 25.

Professor Daube, who chairs the McCusker Centre for Action on Alcohol and Young People, said a three-year national trial of a drinking age of 21, that was properly evaluated, was worth considering.

For more READ …  




21 BE THERE Consortium

Oct 8, 2014  by 21bethere

21 BE THERE Consortium was contacted by Journalist Brad Crouch of the Adelaide Advertiser, about our pending forum. In the quite lengthy interview, we were able to let him know a) History of activity and SA being the hold out b) current consortium and groups c) the State parliamentary committee into the issue and some other data. At the end of the interview he said ‘I think S.A is ready for this.’ The article got up as a top three in Adelaide Advertiser 8th of October 2013
What is more exciting, Brad interviewed not only Dr Carr-Gregg (Consortium members) but was able to get Ita Buttrose (Australian of the Year) to go on record as in favour of this initiative.
Keep the ‘conversation’ going folks – keep it going!
Click for full article   




Parents, please stop letting kids drink

Sep 30, 2014  by 21bethere

The uneasy silence from those in power while teenagers drink their lives away is frightening. The casual nature with which teenagers now abuse alcohol and recreational drugs has gone beyond the point where it is simply an issue for the minority; it is now entrenched within the core of the Australian adolescent experience. Australia's alcohol obsession is a well-documented blight on our society. What stems from the adult population's infatuation with booze is the kind of widespread, unquestionably dangerous under-age drinking culture that permeates school society today, fuelled by peer pressure and a senseless drive to rebel. This cycle of death and psychological self-harm is the bane of a productive society and it is a governmental disgrace that there is not more serious dialogue about how to manage this issue. The overwhelming weight of evidence suggesting that binge drinking drastically stunts the mental development of young people is reason enough to approach this issue with the utmost seriousness, and despite having invested millions of dollars in plans to reduce youth drinking, it remains a disturbing presence in Australian society.
Click for full article 




Teens taking alcohol cue from parents: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre study

Sep 8, 2014  by 21bethere

Research suggests the earlier the start, the bigger the serves.

Research suggests the earlier the start, the bigger the serves.

Teenagers whose parents supply them with alcohol in early adolescence are three times more likely to be drinking full serves by age 16 than those whose parents do not supply alcohol, a study has found.

Read more:   ...Read More



Alcohol Commercials Strongly Affect Underage Drinkers

Aug 3, 2014  by 21bethere

By TRACI PEDERSEN Associate News Editor
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on August 3, 2014
New research shows a strong link between alcohol advertising and underage drinking. In fact, young drinkers are three times more likely to choose alcohol brands whose commercials appear on their favourite television shows compared to other alcohol brands, according to a new study from the Centre on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Boston University School of Public Health.




Long-Term Impact on Alcohol-Involved Crashes of Lowering the Minimum Purchase Age in New Zealand

Jul 31, 2014  by 21bethere

Taisia Huckle, PhD, and Karl Parker, MSc

ABSTRACT: Objectives. We assessed the long-term effect of lowering the minimum purchase age for alcohol from age 20 to age 18 years on alcohol-involved crashes in New Zealand. Methods. We modeled ratios of drivers in alcohol-involved crashes to drivers in non–alcohol-involved crashes by age group in 3 time periods using logistic regression, controlling for gender and adjusting for multiple comparisons.

Results. Before the law change, drivers aged 18 to 19 and 20 to 24 years had similar odds of an alcohol-involved crash (P = .1). Directly following the law change, drivers aged 18 to 19 years had a 15% higher odds of being in an alcohol-involved crash than did drivers aged 20 to 24 years (P = .038). In the long term, drivers aged 18 to 19 years had 21% higher odds of an alcohol-involved crash than did the age control group (P ≤ .001). We found no effects for fatal alcohol-involved crashes alone and no trickle-down effects for the youngest group.

Conclusions. Lowering the purchase age for alcohol was associated with a long-term impact on alcohol-involved crashes among drivers aged 18 to 19 years. Raising the minimum purchase age for alcohol would be appropriate.  




Tonga lifts drinking age from 18 to 21 years

Jul 31, 2014  by 21bethere

(Conversation in Tonga most certainly went up a level!)
Tonga's parliament has passed a law to raise the drinking age from 18 to 21 years.

It cited escalating violence among teenagers as the main reason for the change.

Health Minister Lord Tu'i'afitu told parliament he is convinced alcohol consumption is the root cause of the problem.

Drew Havea, president of the Tongan National Youth Congress, says it is not just young people who are causing trouble.
For more go to…  




Under the Influence: Considering the role of alcohol and sexual assault in social contexts

Jul 17, 2014  by 21bethere

Key messages

·  Alcohol is a feature in a high proportion of sexual assaults.

·  It appears that alcohol has a multi-faceted role in facilitating sexual assault.

·  There are social and gender issues around alcohol consumption that perpetrators are able to exploit to their advantage.

·  Alcohol is used as a tool by perpetrators to increase victim vulnerability and enhance their own confidence.

·  Alcohol is used as an excuse by perpetrators to reduce their culpability and accountability.

·  Alcohol may be consumed voluntarily by victims or perpetrators may coerce consumption or covertly administer alcohol.

·  Alcohol on its own is not a causative factor for sexual assault but it acts together with social and cultural factors that influence behaviour in relation to           social scripts and sexual interactions.

Read more





Alcohol & Violence In Australia

Jul 17, 2014  by 21bethere

Key messages

·  Young people are more likely to experience alcohol-related violence

·  One in five Australians aged 18 to 19 years have been a victim of physical abuse by someone under the influence of alcohol.

·  79% of 18 to 25 year old males charged with assault on a Friday or Saturday night consumed alcohol in the 48 hours prior to their arrest.

·  Young people are more likely to report being verbally abused, physically abused or put in fear by someone under the influence of alcohol than any other age          group

Read more





Should the legal age for alcohol purchase be raised to 21?

May 31, 2014  by 21bethere

Harmful alcohol consumption is a prevention priority in Australia. Frequent or episodic binge drinking (consuming five or more standard drinks on a single occasion) is of specific concern among youth because of their neurobiological vulnerability to the effects of alcohol. There is increasing evidence that key aspects of brain and related neurocognitive development continue into early adulthood. Available evidence associates short- and longer-term cognitive impairment during the postpubertal and early adult years with an earlier age-of-onset of harmful alcohol consumption.1 Although ethical limitations preclude human experimental trials, there is emerging neuropsychological and brain-imaging evidence associating binge drinking or persistent high levels of alcohol use with adverse impacts on brain development (notably of the frontal lobe and frontal–striatal circuits) in young people…. Read more at

John W Toumbourou, Kypros Kypri, Sandra C Jones and Ian B Hickie  




Calls for drinking age to be raised to 21

May 14, 2014  by 21bethere

Pressure is mounting for Australian governments to raise the legal drinking age to 21 to protect the health of young people whose brains are still vulnerable to the toxicity of alcohol at 18, leading health experts say. Four professors of mental health and public health have joined a growing list of influential Australians to call for a new legal drinking age that would bring Australia in line with the US where people cannot buy alcohol until they are 21. They say raising the age limit would protect young people from the brain damage that can be caused by too much alcohol and the harms associated with being drunk, such as car accidents and violence. Writing in the Medical Journal of Australia, John Toumbourou of Deakin University’s School of Psychology, Ian Hickie of the Brain & Mind Research Institute, Kypros Kypri of the School of Medicine and Public Health at the University of Newcastle, and Sandra Jones from the Centre for Health Initiatives at the University of Wollongong, said there was increasing evidence that the accessibility of alcohol from the age of 18 was causing great harm to young people. For example, they said a survey of 260 people aged 17 to 19 during end-of-school celebrations on the Queensland Gold Coast in 2010 showed 75 per cent played drinking games, 64 per cent consumed more than 10 drinks per night, and one in five had unprotected sex, in some cases with multiple partners. The professors said evidence from the US and Canada suggested lifting the drinking age to 21 decreased rates of alcohol-related harm.

The Sydney Morning Herald





Canadian drinking-age laws have significant effect on deaths among young males

Mar 18, 2014  by 21bethere

Dr. Russell Callaghan, whose work suggests that increasing the drinking age to 19 years of age in Alberta, Manitoba, and Québec would prevent seven deaths of 18-year-old men each year. Raising the drinking age to 21 years across the country would prevent 32 annual deaths of male youth 18 to 20 years of age. A recent study by a University of Northern British Columbia-based scientist associated with the UBC Faculty of Medicine and UNBC's Northern Medical Program demonstrates that Canada's drinking-age laws have a significant effect on youth mortality. The study was published in the international journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence. In it, Dr. Russell Callaghan writes that when compared to Canadian males slightly younger than the minimum legal drinking age, young men who are just older than the drinking age have significant and abrupt increases in mortality, especially from injuries and motor vehicle accidents. "This evidence demonstrates that drinking-age legislation has a significant effect on reducing mortality among youth, especially young males," says Dr. Callaghan. Currently, the minimum legal drinking age is 18 years of age in Alberta, Manitoba, and Québec, and 19 years in the rest of the country. Using national Canadian death data from 1980 to 2009, researchers examined the causes of deaths of individuals who died between 16 and 22 years of age. They found that immediately following the minimum legal drinking age, male deaths due to injuries rose sharply by 10 to 16 per cent, and male deaths due to motor vehicle accidents increased suddenly by 13 to 15 per cent. Increases in mortality appeared immediately following the legislated drinking age for 18-year-old females, but these jumps were relatively small. According to the research, increasing the drinking age to 19 years of age in Alberta, Manitoba, and Québec would prevent seven deaths of 18-year-old men each year. Raising the drinking age to 21 years across the country would prevent 32 annual deaths of male youth 18 to 20 years of age. "Many provinces, including British Columbia, are undertaking alcohol-policy reforms," adds Dr. Callaghan. "Our research shows that there are substantial social harms associated with youth drinking. These adverse consequences need to be carefully considered when we develop new provincial alcohol policies. I hope these results will help inform the public and policy makers in Canada about the serious costs associated with hazardous drinking among young people."

Journal Reference:

  1. Russell C. Callaghan, Marcos Sanches, Jodi M. Gatley, Tim Stockwell. Impacts of drinking-age laws on mortality in Canada, 1980–2009Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2014; DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.02.019  © Science Daily





Professor Ian Hickie of the Mind & Brain Institute is keeping the conversation going!

Feb 2, 2014  by 21bethere





Push to raise Aussie legal drinking age

Feb 1, 2014  by 21bethere





This is a Bolt out of the blue! Honourable Fred Nile, is most definitely keeping the "conversation" going!

Oct 15, 2013  by 21bethere

The Rev Fred Nile, Leader of the Christian Democratic Party, fully endorses Ita Buttrose’s call to increase the legal drinking age to 21 years.

"In view of the growing amount of new evidence concerning the development of the adolescent brain which clearly proves the damage that alcohol causes, I originally introduced my Alcohol (Liquor Amendment (Drinking Age)) Bill in 2008 so as to increase the legal drinking age to 21 years as is legal in many USA States”.

The rising adolescent road toll and binge drinking requires urgent action to protect the youth of our nation" said Rev Fred Nile MLC.




Letters: We should leave the drinking age at 18
Saturday 12 October 2013

READERS are most concerned with the drinking age debate sparked by Ita Buttrose's comments, Graham Cornes' column and the SANFL grand final.
No ideal drink age THERE is no ideal “drinking age” – that is, the minimum age from which it is legal to purchase alcohol.
Certainly it has to be linked to maturity, but that doesn't help much, since individuals mature at widely differing ages.
When a new figure is proposed, the first question we must answer is: Why change?

Is there anything seriously wrong with the current age of 18 years, and do we know that 21, for example, would be any better?
Click for full article 





There is a growing constituency for the legal age to be raised from 18 to 21

Oct 12, 2013  by 21bethere

My experience is that there is a growing constituency for the legal age to be raised from 18 to 21 for the reasons below.
The following figures show that we are currently having success with the message that early secondary school students should not be using alcohol.

The above figures are from Victoria White and Emily Bariola (2012) Australian secondary school students’ use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-thecounter and illicit substances in 2011. Report prepared for: Drug Strategy Branch Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing by the Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, The Cancer Council Victoria.

The figures show that there has been a considerable reduction in current drinking (drinking in the past 7 days) that began from 2005.

Why are the kids giving up the grog?

Researchers at the Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute set a goal to reduce adolescent alcohol use in 2002.

The report below (through the ADF) describes the reasoning for encouraging adolescents to abstain from alcohol use. Toumbourou, J.W., Rowland, B., Jefferies, A. (2005) Could an alcohol-abstinence focus through childhood and adolescence reduce alcohol-related harm? Drug Info Clearinghouse, Number 13, pp. 1-21. Melbourne: Australian Drug Foundation.

Starting in 2003 I personally completed 250 media interviews to disseminate the message that secondary school age students should not be using alcohol. This was the message on the ABC Catalyst and “Whatever the Science of Teens” programs. A key messages has been that parents should set rules not to provide or allow adolescent alcohol use. From 2006 myself and Michael Carr-Greg supported the Trinity Grammar School Alcohol and Drug Parent Resource Book that has been disseminated to most secondary school parents in Victoria ( In 2009 the NHMRC guidelines were altered to make clear for the first time in Australia that adolescents should not use alcohol prior to age 18. In 2011 the ADF and other advocates successfully lobbied for secondary supply legislation to be introduced in Victoria. All these changes (and I am sure other factors also) are having the effect of reducing secondary school age alcohol use.

The theory we outlined in the Toumbourou, Rowland and Jefferies (2005) paper was that reducing early age alcohol use would lead over time to reductions in binge drinking as cohort got older. This appears to be the case in the trends we are seeing in White and Bariola (2012) report. If we are correct then the trend to lower use of alcohol in early secondary school should now lead to a trend for lower alcohol use as these low-drinking cohorts enter late secondary school.

Our current concern is that these low drinking cohorts are going to now face pressure to start drinking as they approach the legal drinking age. It is difficult to argue to 16 and 17 year olds that it would be best if they did not use alcohol, if the drinking age is 18. To further protect their healthy brain development we have been recently increasing our advocacy for the legal age to be raised from 18 to 21. The early secondary school parents and students we are working with are a new constituency that are asking us – “if at 18 the brain is not fully developed and is vulnerable to damage through binge drinking then why isn’t the drinking age raised to 21?”. Over the next decade the parents and youth in these low drinking cohorts will become an increasingly important voice for raising the drinking age.  




Call to lift drinking age "worth testing"

Oct 9, 2013  by 21bethere

A WA public health expert says a national trial of a legal drinking age of 21 could help show whether it reduces harm such as drunken behaviour and is acceptable to the community. Curtin University professor of health policy Mike Daube gave guarded support yesterday to a call by Australian of the Year Ita Buttrose to have such a trial, arguing it was a debate that Australia needed to have.
Click for full article   




Open House Interview with Executive Director of Dalgarno Institute

Oct 1, 2013  by 21bethere

Check out the Open House Interview with Executive Director of Dalgarno Institute(Click for MP3).  




Boozers destroy Byron Bay

Sep 23, 2013  by 21bethere

“We are facing a problem that is changing the very nature of our town. Ugly drunken brawls have become a constant feature of weekend nights. People are seriously hurt, sexual assaults regularly occur and older residents, some who've lived here all their lives, are afraid to go into town on weekend nights.”
- MLC Jan Barham
Click for full article   




Parents and youth

Sep 19, 2013  by 21bethere

Parents and youth, should take the time to remind themselves again of the facts around the risks and dangers of adolescent drinking – the following information sheet is a handy resource.   ...Read More



Heavy Episodic Drinking in Young, Healthy Adults Increases Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

Sep 1, 2013  by 21 Be There

Heavy episodic (binge) drinking is broadly defined as consumption of more than 4 to 5 standard drinks (13 g alcohol/drink) in a two-hour period. Among adults, heavy episodic drinking is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. This increased risk may be explained, in part, by alcohol’s role in endothelial dysfunction. Heavy episodic drinking is common among young, healthy adults with more than half of college students who consume alcoholic beverages reporting it. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether young adults who participate in heavy episodic drinking have macrovascular and microvascular dysfunction and increased risk of cardiovascular disease compared with their nondrinking counterparts. The authors investigated macrovascular changes via brachial artery endothelial dependent flow mediated vasodilation (FMD) and flow independent nitroglycerin-mediated dilation, and microvascular changes via vasoreactivity of resistance arteries (isolated from gluteal fat biopsies) in 18 to 25-year-old nondrinkers (N=17) and those who participate in heavy episodic drinking (N=19).

• Subjects with heavy episodic drinking reported 6 +/- 1 heavy episodic drinking episodes per month for an average of 4 +/- 0.6 years.

• FMD was 8% (+/- 0.7) lower and nitroglycerin-mediated dilations were 20% (+/- 2) lower in people with heavy episodic drinking compared with nondrinkers.

• Two of three measures of vasoreactivity of resistance arteries were no different between the two groups.


This study confirmed that heavy episodic drinking has macrovascular and some microvascular consequences in a sample of young, healthy adults, suggesting an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Given the cross-sectional design and small sample size, these data should be confirmed in future studies.Jeanette M. Tetrault, MD


Goslawski M, Piano MR, Bian JT, et al. Binge Drinking Impairs Vascular Function in Young Adults. J Am Coll Cardiol. April 23, 2013 [Epub ahead of print]. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2013.03.049





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